Fingerprint History

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  • 1684 - Dr. Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712) presented Finger Prints, Palms and Soles An Introduction To Dermatoglyphics to the Royal Soceity
  • 1685 - Dr.Bidloo published an anatomical atlas, Anatomia Humani Corporis, with illustrations showing the human figure both in living attitudes and as dissected cadavers
  • 1686 - Dr. Marcello Malphigi (1628-1694) noted in his treatise; ridges, spirals and loops in fingerprints
  • 1788 - J.C.Mayer was the first to write out basic tenets of fingerprint analysis and theorised that fingerprints were unique
  • 1823 - Czech Republic's physicist and biologist Joannes Evangelista Purkinji started to study the protruding lines on the skin of the human palm and the sole and attempted to systemize as well as find the relationship between these prints and the human kind. Dr. Jan Purkinje classified the papillary lines on the fingertips into nine types: arch, tented arch, ulna loop, radial loop, peacock's eye/compound, spiral whorl, elliptical whorl, circular whorl, and double loop/composite.
  • 1880 - The Nature journal published two articles by Professor Henry Faulds and Professor WJ Herschel that recommended the use of fingerprints/Dermatoglyphics as a way to uniquely identify and differentiate mankind
  • 1892 - Sir Francis Galton a British anthropologist and a cousin of Charles Darwin, He published hisbook, "Fingerprints", establishing the individuality and permanence of fingerprints. The book included the first classification system for fingerprints.
  • 1920 - Columbia University Professor, Elizabeth Wilson striate into state of scientific research, and application of statistical methods
  • 1926 - Harold Cummins, M.D. aka. the Father of Dermatoglyphics. And C.Midlo, M.D.studied all aspects of fingerprint analysis, from anthropology to genetics and embryology perspective. 1943 Published book, Finger Prints, Palms and Soles, a bible in the field of dermatoglyphics. Hence, Dermatoglyphics officially became a professional research area of knowledge.
  • 1936 - Dr. Harold Cummins & Dr. Charles Midlo also researched the embryo-genesis of skin ridge patterns and established that the fingerprint patterns actually develop in the womb and are fully formed by the fourth foetal month.
  • 1944 - Dr. Julius Spier Psycho-Analytic Chirologist published �The Hands of Children� he made several significant discoveries especially in the area of psycho-sexual development and the diagnosis of imbalances and problems in this area from the patterns of the hands.
  • 1950 - Canada's brain surgery was a professor Banfill ( Penfeild) published �Body of all parts of the brain associated with the cross-section map, �also shows a finger dermatoglyphics and close of the association between the brain.
  • 1968 - Sarah Holt, whose own work 'The Genetics of Dermal Ridges' published in 1968, summarizes her research in of dermatoglyphics patterns of both the fingers and the palm in various peoples, both normal and congenitally afflicted.
  • 1969 - John J. Mulvihill, MD and David W. Smith, MD published The Genesis of Dermatoglyphics that provies the most up to date verson of how fingerprints form.
  • 1970 - USSR,Former Soviet Union. Using Dermatoglyphics in selecting the contestant for Olympics.
  • 1980 - China carry out researching work of human potential, intelligence and talents in dermatoglyphics and human genome perspective.
  • 1981 - Professor Roger W. Sperry and his research partners was awarded the Nobel prize for Biology in their contribution towards the functions of the right brain and left brain as well as the dual brain theory. Research related to the brain enters its peak at this stage. At the same time, it is now widely used by scientists from various other fields
  • 1985 - Dr. Chen Yi Mou Phd. of Havard University research Dermatoglyphics based on Multiple Intelligence theory of Dr. Howard Gardner. First apply dermatoglyphics to educational fields and brain physiology.
  • 2000 - Dr Stowens, Chief of Pathology at St Luke's hospital in New York, claims to be able to diagnose schizophrenia and leukaemia with up to a 90% accuracy. In Germany, Dr Alexander Rodewald reports he can pinpoint many congenital abnormalities with a 90% accuracy.
  • 2004 - IBMBS- International Behavioral & Medical Biometrics Society. Over 7000 report and thesis published. Nowadays the U.S., Japan or China, Taiwan apply dermatoglyphics to educational fields, expecting to improve teaching qualities and raising learning efficiency by knowing various learning styles.
  • 2005 - Prof Lin files for the Patent for Dermatoglyphics test
  • 2008 - Prof Lin is awarded U.S Patent for his unique concept on DMIT
  • 2011 - Well Gene Science sign Indian Regional Partnership Agreement with Brainwonders for DMIT.
  •  2012 Awarded as “Best Contribution towards Student Counselling” in Indian Education Awards 2012. It is the only company that is related to Dermatoglyphics and is recognized as a Small and Medium Scale (SME) by the Ministry of Maharashtra under the NSIC Scheme.
  • 2014 – Brainwonders and Prof Lin-Well Gene Science entered into Regional Partnership for rest of world.
  • 2015 - Our first International Franchise in South Africa.
  • 2015 Dec- Breached the 50 Franchise Mark.
  • 2016 - Zimbabwe Operations Started. Brainwonders now has more than 92 Centers in India and 7 International Centers.

Dermatoglyphics in Recent History

Although many important discoveries regarding the psychological significance of fingerprint patterns have been made, the main thrust of scientific dermatoglyphic research in the latter half of the twentieth century has been directed into genetic research and the diagnosis of chromosomal defects. Over the last thirty years or so, more than four thousand papers have been written on the significance of skin-ridge patterns!

The published work, include the frequencies of various patterns, for personal identification, Inheritance, anomalous patterns, medico-legal cases etc. Some of the authors who have made a significant contribution are given below: Faulds (1905), Hellwig (1912), Carriere (1923). Ganther (1923), Roscher (1925), Furuhata (1927). Heindl (1927), Bonnevie (1929), Cummins (1930, 1934, 1961), Metiner (1930), Gerke (1932), Harster (1932), Saller (1932), Abel (1933, 1935), Geipel (1935, 1937), Kirchmair (1936), Csik (1927), Henry (1937), MacArther (1937), Pol (1937), Dankmeijer (1938), de Pina (1939), Okuma (1940), Kumbnani (1959, 1968, 1972, 1978, 1984, 1990, 1991, 2005), Singh (1961), Volotzkoy (1961), Bali (1968), Sen (1968), Clercil (1969), Bhanu (1975) Mavalwala (1977), Singh and Bhasin (1979), Livshits (1987), Micle (1988), Kamali (1990), Bhasin and Walter (2001).

 
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