In 1983, Dr. Howard Gardner formulated his seminal Theory of Multiple Intelligence, which is still viewed as a pioneering effort to dissociate between hierarchies in personality development and education sciences. Dr. Howard Gardner argued that development and actuation of one’s innate potentials could be possible even without adhering to the conventional processes and exercises of cognitive abilities. For the first time in the history of social sciences, Dr. Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence presented a sympathetic and optimistic approach to differential learning, and was able to accurately predict the growth potential of individual talent. Simplified, the theory calls for the possibilities of individuals, with proper training and opportunities, can utilize an exhaustive array of innate abilities and traits to maximize potential.
Inspired by the systematized, epistemological approach to education taken by the legendary developmental psychologist Jean Piaget, Dr. Gardner trained extensively in development psychology in his undergraduate years. His research brought him in close contact with psycholinguist Roger Brown and psychoanalyst Erik Erikson, both luminaries in their respective fields. It is this series of correspondences that allowed Dr. Howard Gardner to synthesize the seemingly divergent studies of cognitive studies among gifted children with the studies of brain damage among adults into a common field of behavioral sciences. In 1983, in his widely acclaimed book Frames of Mind, Dr. Howard Gardner formulated his critically acclaimed Theory of multiple intelligences, a theory that has now revolutionized education and cognitive intelligence training internationally.
Dr. Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence offers an extremely lucid example, where he states that an individual skill-set consists of multiple abilities, or ‘intelligences’. They may be purely analytical, like Learning, Memory Exercises and Visual Processing, or Cognitive, like Creativity, Emotional Intelligence and so on. So, if a child can draw better than another child, Dr. Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligence suggests that there is hardly a difference in intelligence, but the difference lay in approach. This theory is extremely organic in approach, assimilating the divergent spectrum of individual intelligences into a lucid body of ideas. Perhaps the greatest triumph of this Theory of Multiple Intelligence is its ability to accommodate different skills, and offer equal opportunities for excellence based on acumen, talent and individual levels of application. Unlike most static and standardized I.O tests, Dr. Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligence (MI) not only gives a static glimpse into application skills, but it also maps the trajectory and growth potential of an individual person.
Dr. Howard Gardner’s theory was the stepping stone in modern science gradually growing out of the traditionalist’s approach of ‘general intelligence factors’. Simplified, this means Gardner’s was the first visionary approach towards democratizing education and cognitive skills, offering each learner an equal chance to use his/her abilities to enhance individual potentials. In a way, the Theory of Multiple Intelligence reinforces the common, existing idea that each individual learner learns and develops cognitive abilities in his/her own way. For the first time in history, however, this theory offers a solid scientific explanation to this age-old idea.