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10 Roles and responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer

22 November,2022  |  By Brainwonders

Architectural Engineer

Architectural engineering is also known as building engineering or architecture engineering. It deals with the technological aspects of planning, design, construction, and operation of buildings such as analysis and integrated design of environmental systems, structural systems, and construction management. 

Architectural engineers have a lasting impact on society because people spend around 90% of their free time indoors. 

Architects create plans for indoor and outdoor spaces and translate them into designs. In contrast, architectural engineers assist architects with designing structures and plan the construction process.

Table of Contents:

  • Requirements for becoming an Architectural Engineer
  • The Responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer
  • Roles of architects in construction
  • What is the workplace of an Architectural Engineer like?

What are the requirements for becoming an Architectural Engineer?

  • Bachelor's degree in Architectural Engineering or a related field.
  • Proven work experience as an Architectural Engineer in a reputed architectural firm or in the Engineering industry.
  • Complete knowledge of the building codes, safety standards, industry trends, and regulations.
  • Familiarity with CAD softwares like TinkerCAD, AutoCAD, etc.
  • Ability to interpret technical drawings

The Responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer: 

The responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer are in charge of design and project planning, as well as the aesthetic look of structures and buildings. Individuals who are registered with a local regulatory body are referred to as "architects." Architects must complete specified professional training requirements and pass an exam to get licensed. Individuals without licences can provide architectural services, but they cannot call themselves architects or sign building documents.

Roles of Architects in Construction

The responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer is when a client contacts an architect, a meeting is scheduled to discuss the project's requirements and needs. It may take several meetings until both parties are satisfied with the conceptual design. A single person cannot, however, design a complete structure;  the responsibilities of an architectural engineer is to collaborate with civil and structural engineers to discuss technical difficulties and the building's structural integrity.

Architects are involved in more than simply the design process of a structure. Their contributions are critical at every step of a project, and this page outlines their roles. Architects can also contribute to greater energy efficiency by designing buildings that utilise natural lighting and ventilation while minimising heating and cooling requirements.

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Discussion on the Project

A client hires an architect to build a detailed design of a notion or idea that the client wishes to realise. Before the design is approved, meetings and discussions with various team members and engineering specialists take place, estimated budget, site characteristics, safety, and local planning restrictions are some of the things that must be considered during those discussions and that are the main responsibilities of an architectural engineer to basically handle all the key points of the client's satisfaction.

Documentation and Drawings

Architects are in charge of producing detailed drawings and determining the project's viability. Traditionally, this was done by hand, but contemporary BIM and CAD technologies have dramatically sped up the process. Multiple modifications and redrawing are made during this stage to reflect changes based on customer requests, budget, and restrictions.

The final blueprints, which include plans for all structural, mechanical, and electrical systems, direct builders in constructing the intended construction are all part of the responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer. Design instructions and technical specifications for contractors are two more technical documents that must be developed in conjunction with the plans. Following the final design, the contract proposal is created, which allows for the establishment of cost estimates and a project timeline.

Estimated costs

Cost estimation at various stages of the project enables better budget control. The responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer is to envision the entire structure of a building, providing innovative designs and ideas to the construction industry, but they also require structural engineering and MEP installations.

Architects and engineers must be careful not to underestimate material costs or construction time, as this might lead to inaccurate cost estimates. The number of information architects offers in their cost estimates varies depending on their scope of work: they may be in charge of delivering a complete construction estimate or just a portion, such as landscaping.

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 Architects can assist with contract negotiations and may recommend and select contractors for certain activities. Following the receipt of all tenders, the architect prepares analysis reports, which are then compared to the client's requirements and budget.

Stages of Construction

Once building begins, the responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer is to conduct site visits and meetings, as well as contract negotiations and deal with and resolve any issues that arise. Some of the documentation created during the construction process will require the signature and approval of an architect.

The following are some of the most important responsibilities of an Architectural Engineer as well as their abilities that they should possess:

Customer service and retention:

Because architects are often the first construction professionals to work with a customer, it is critical for them to have social skills and manners. Architects must have good oral and written communication skills because they interact directly with clients at all phases of the project.


To create construction plans and technical papers, architects must design, plan, and develop concepts. These are based on the needs and ideas of the client.

Research Work:

Architects must conduct research to get familiar with the various building standards, safety rules, construction advancements, and city legislation that affect their designs. Because these restrictions are always changing, they must keep up with new laws and standards.

Technical Knowledge:

Architects must be skilled in modelling software and procedures, such as BIM (Building Information Modelling). This will help them stay competitive in the increasingly modern building business.

What is the workplace of an Architectural Engineer like?

Architectural engineers often work on-site at building projects with a team of other engineers, architects, and construction managers.

They are typically employed by engineering firms, architectural firms, and construction companies, and may also work independently, on a freelance basis.

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