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ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT HOW TO BECOME A LAWYER

25 July,2022  |  By Brainwonders

HOW TO BECOME A LAWYER

Who  Is a Lawyer?

A lawyer is an educated and certified professional who writes legal documents to govern, prosecute, or defend the activity of the court. Lawyers might specialise in either criminal or civil law. Lawyers are the legal experts who offer solutions to a variety of different legal problems. Problems that arise in marriages, property conflicts, and concerns related to divorce are just few of the areas that lawyers focus on.

When their clients are unable to argue their issues in front of the Judiciary on their own, it is the job of lawyers to step in and represent them in court. Lawyers receive compensation based on the numerous cases in which they represent clients.

What does a Lawyer do?

Lawyers are trained to use their expertise in the law to guide clients through the process of comprehending and managing various legal difficulties. Despite the fact that their duties and obligations change depending on the area of law in which they specialise, the majority of attorneys are accountable for the following set of responsibilities, which are detailed below:

  • Putting together legal documentation and presenting it to the appropriate courts and authorities
  • Participating in the trials and hearings of clients
  • Lawyers work in conjunction with law enforcement officers and detectives, assisting them in the preparation of case evidence for mediation and trials.
  • analysing a situation and providing guidance to clients regarding their legal options
  • arguing on their client's behalf in front of the judge by presenting evidence.

How to Become a Lawyer: Quick Facts

Industry Law, Legal Service
Eligibility 10+2 in any discipline and should qualify entrance exams
Average Starting Salary INR 4,00,000 - INR 6,00,000
Highest Salary INR 2 Crores & above
Job Opportunity Lawyers, Judge, Family lawyers, Securities lawyer, Tax lawyers, Environmental lawyers etc.

 

Types Legal Profession

The work of a lawyer is difficult since the profession is becoming increasingly specialised to meet the demands of a wide variety of professions and industries. The following is a list of the several types of lawyers that one can become after pursuing a career in law.

The Civil Lawyer

Civil lawyers' principal responsibility—and the term "civil" suggests—is to defend the legal entitlements of their clients' fellow citizens. Lawyers who specialise in civil law fight for fundamental rights, which are the rights that are guaranteed to every individual from the moment they are born until the day they die. 

Lawyers that specialise in civil law are sometimes referred to as human rights lawyers.The typical annual salary ranges between 11 and 12 LPA in India.

The Criminal Lawyer

The field of criminal law is the one in which lawyers practise the most frequently, making it the most competitive. They conduct a thorough investigation and analysis of the case in order to reach a conclusion; based on this conclusion, they either argue for the defendant's release if they believe the defendant is innocent or attempt to negotiate a plea bargain or a settlement if they believe the defendant is guilty.Annual Salary on Average is INR 17,33 LPA and more 

The Corporate Lawyer

They provide legal counsel to companies, supporting those companies in the development of growth strategies that are compliant with the law. Corporate law professionals are in high demand due to the fact that they specialise in a variety of subfields of the legal industry, including contract law, securities law, bankruptcy law, tax law, accounting, intellectual property rights, licensure rules, and zoning regulations. 

The Typical Annual Wage Ranges from INR 8 to 11 LPA

The Public Interest Lawyer

Lawyers working for the public interest monitor cases in which people who seek legal aid but lack the financial means to hire a counsel. When a situation like this arises, a public interest lawyer will typically agree to take the case on a pro gratis basis. These attorneys provide their clients with specialised legal aid while working for organisations such as government agencies and non-profit organisations.

Approximately INR 3.6–5 LPA in Annual Wages on Average

The Intellectual Property Lawyer

A legal specialist will deal with issues pertaining to patents, intellectual property, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets, among other areas of interest. The term "intellectual property" refers to an individual's concept or creativity made in their mind, which in today's times can determine the success or failure of a business. Intellectual property (IP) lawyers deal with cases such as companies suing their competitors and filing patents for stealing or copying their idea or design. These cases fall under the purview of intellectual property law.

The Typical Annual Wage Ranges from INR 17 to 22.8 LPA

Cyber Lawyer Definition

Dealing with instances of illegal activity committed online is the raison d'être of cyber law. The commission of illegal acts while using the internet is what's meant to be referred to as "cybercrime." A client who has been charged with a computer crime is represented by a Cyber Lawyer who is responsible for preparing, investigating, and arguing the client's case. The scope of the practise of law as a whole is substantially more limited than that of the subfield of law known as cyber law. In addition to that, it is an essential component of a well-rounded legal education and effective business management.

In Indian Rupees, the Average Annual Wage is 6 LPA

Qualifications Needed to Practicing Law

In order to practise law, one must first meet a number of prerequisites and eligibility requirements before being admitted to the bar. 

The following is a list, for your convenience, of some of the most important requirements for pursuing a career as a lawyer.

  • Students are required to pass the board examinations for the 12th grade with an aggregate score of at least 60 percent or an equal grade point average.
  • They are required to take a variety of entrance examinations, either at the national or university level, such as the CLAT, AILET, or LSAT.
  • They are required to finish their five-year undergraduate programme, which could be a BA LLB, BCom LLB, or BSc LLB.
  • Students who get a Master of Laws degree have the ability to practise law as well.
The following  provides a course-by-course breakdown of eligibility criteria for entering the legal profession:

Candidates for undergraduate programmes are required to have completed their 10+2 education from a recognised board with a minimum score of 45 percent and to have passed the necessary admission examination.

Postgraduate Courses: Graduates who have already completed their undergraduate studies in any field are qualified to submit an application and take an entrance exam. In order to enrol in a postgraduate legal programme such as an LLM, candidates are required to hold a bachelor's degree in law from an institution of higher education that is recognised.

The Steps to Take to Become a Lawyer in India

Aspiring candidates in India who are interested in becoming lawyers are required to complete Law Courses and also pass the AIBE (All India Bar Exam) in order to have a successful career as a lawyer in India. In order to become a lawyer, one needs to take a number of important stages, some of which are outlined in the following paragraphs.

  • Preparation at the School Level Although there is no set or required curriculum or stream that must be taken in order to become a Lawyer, having prior knowledge in subjects such as Political Science and Sociology, amongst other topics, might aid eventually in order to comprehend the subject betterHow to Get Into Law School After Completing Your 12th Year
  • After completing their 12th grade education, aspirants who want to become lawyers are required to take the processes that are outlined in the following paragraphs.
  • Preparation for Undergraduate Study: In order to become a Lawyer, students need to complete Undergraduate Law Courses such as LLB, BA LLB, BBA LLB, or BSc LLB. However, in order to participate in these courses, applicants must first pass one of the several entrance exams for law schools, such as the CLAT, AILET, or LSAT. Students who achieve the best possible scores on these Law Entrance Exams are accepted into virtually all of the top-tier law schools.
  • Postgraduate Preparation Students who aim to have careers in law can further their education by enrolling in postgraduate law programmes such as LLM. The results of law entrance exams like the CLAT PG and the LSAT, among others, are also taken into consideration when deciding who will be admitted to postgraduate law programmes.
Courses in the Law

There are a variety of programmes that need to be completed before one can call themselves a lawyer.

Cyber Law Course

The practise of cyber law is utilised in a variety of cyber crimes, in which the attorney must deal with a variety of thefts and scams. Because of the proliferation of the internet and other forms of digitalization, the number of instances of cybercrime is also rising at an alarming rate.

Students have the opportunity to get credentials in cyber crime, after which they are eligible for a diverse set of work prospects within this industry. There is a growing demand for cyber attorneys in government agencies, private organisations, and law enforcement. The following is a list of the numerous job opportunities that they have available: Cyber security consultants, network administrators, and information assurance auditors.

Cyber Crime Course Highlight 
Course type PG Diploma
Duration 1 year 
Course Fees INR 3000 - INR 15,000

Online Law Courses 

Online Courses are very beneficial, all the online courses are obviously very easy to pursue. Online courses save both time and money of the aspirant, here are the list of the online courses provided in India.

Courses Duration Amount
FICCI's online course on IPRs 2 months  INR 5500
Indian law institute also providing online course 3 months  INR 5000
Certified law analyst courses 12 weeks to 5 years INR 5000 - 30,000
IALM's online courses on practical lawyering skills 30 days to 180 days INR 2500 - 25,000
Enhelion's certificate program Self Paced INR 2000 - 6000
CIRC online course on competition law 6 months INR 25000
Corporate Law Courses

There are several different degrees that can be obtained in the field of corporate law, including BCom+LLB, LLM Corporate and Financial Law, Corporate and Securities Law, and Corporate Law. Because most of the courses in corporate law only take one year to complete, it is relatively simple to pursue a career in this field.

Degree Requirements
PG Diploma in Business and Corporate Law Corporate Finance Law Laws Related to Banking Intellectual Property Law Corporate Governance Law of Contracts International Economic Law Corporate Law
Post Graduate Diploma in Corporate Law Business and Commercial Law Company Law and Practice Corporate Accounting and Corporate Taxation
Law Certificate Courses 

There are some certificate programmes available in the field of law; their lengths range from four to six months. Taking a course like this can be beneficial to your job in the legal field.

Course  Duration Fees
Certificate in Anti-Human Trafficking 6 Months - 2 Years INR 1,400 - 8,000
Certificate in Human Rights 6 Months - 2 Years INR 1000 - 9000
Certificate in Law and Medicine 6 Months - 2 Years INR 1500 - 20,000
Certificate in International Humanitarian Law 6 Months - 1 Year INR 2,700 - 10,000
Certificate in Legislative Drafting 6 Months - 18 months INR 1200 - 9000
Certificate in Social Work and Criminal Justice System 6 Months  INR 4000 - 10,000

Distance Law Courses 

Law is a field that lends itself well to study through the medium of remote education, particularly when the educational institution in question is UGC-accredited. In this section, we will provide you with information on the various institutions in India that provide legal studies via distance education.

Name of College Courses
IGNOU Awareness course in Intellectual property rights
Certificate in Consumer protection, Cooperation
PG Certificate in cyber crime
PG Diploma in Environment and Intellectual property rights
Annamalai University B.A. in Human Rights
BAL - Bachelor of Academic Law
BGL - Bachelor of General Law
Diploma in (Human Rights, Labour with Administrative and Taxation)
M.A in Human Rights
PG Diploma in (Intellectual property and Medical laws & Ethics

Courses in Law That Are Only Short-Term

After graduating from high school, students frequently search for short-term courses; the following is a list of some of those short-term courses. The following are some of the short-term courses that are available:

  • Consumer Education Training Leading to a Certificate
  • Certificate in the Laws of Taxation
  • Postgraduate Certificate in the Administration of Patents and Intellectual Property Rights
  • Training for a Certificate in Women and the Law
  • Diploma of Higher Education in Consumer Awareness Postgraduate Certificate in Labor Laws
  • Courses Leading to a Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Laws 

Training for Future Lawyers

After completing your education through the 10+2 level, you have the option of enrolling in one of the law programmes that were discussed above. In this section, we will now talk about the several alternative routes to becoming a lawyer.

Courses in Law Following the 12th Grade

Even while the majority of law courses can be completed after graduation, there are also some law courses that can be pursued after the 12th grade even if one does not have a bachelor's degree. These are the law courses that can be taken after the 12th grade.

Obtaining a Bachelor of Legislative Law degree.

Intellectual Property Rights Bachelor of Law Degree Program

Learn More About Law Schools Through the CLAT.

Legal Education Following Graduation

One can pursue postgraduate studies in law after finishing their diploma; the following is a list of law classes that can be taken after graduation.

  • Earned a Master of Legislative Law with a Concentration in Business Law
  • A Master of Law degree with a concentration in Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • Master of Law in Bharatiya Nyaya Darshan and Raj Dharma
  • a Master of Law degree in Financial and Corporate Law
  • A master's degree in legislative law with a concentration in either criminal law or commercial law
  • A Master of Legislative Law degree with a concentration in Criminal Law and Criminology
  • Certificate of Advanced Study in Administrative Law
  • Certificate of Advanced Study in Business and Corporate Law
  • Master of Arts in Child Development and Rights Postgraduate Diploma
  • Postgraduate Certificate in the Law of the Internet and Intellectual Property Rights

LLB After Completing Graduation

As most people are probably aware, there are multiple ways to earn a Juris Doctor degree, the most common of which are a 5-year programme and a 3-year programme. LLB guides such as BA LLB, B.Com LLB, and BBA LLB are included in the five-to-twelve month guides. If you want to get your LLB after you graduate, then the path that takes between three and twelve months is your best bet.

The age limit, which is 45, has been established by the BCI (Bar Council of India). Applicants that require an activity extrade will often follow the LLB course that lasts between three and twelve months. primarily those coming from engineering backgrounds who are interested in pursuing an LLB degree in three to twelve months.

However, there is a drawback associated with the LLB after the final course, and that is the fact that students are not permitted to study a subject of their choosing; rather, they are required to study subjects that have been assigned by the institution. Students in the 3-year LLB programme have significantly less time to devote to the study of legal topics than their counterparts in the 5-year LLB programme. The students get the opportunity to practise and participate in simulated internships.

The choice of obtaining a post-graduate LLB degree should be the very last one considered. Therefore, it presumes that you have a degree in engineering. After that, you'll have to complete your schooling over the course of seven years, and it might be a challenging and time-consuming endeavour to master something from scratch in order for your race to be successful. Choose the integrated 5-year course if you would like to earn a Juris Doctor degree after completing your 12th year of schooling.

Integrated Legal Education Programs

There are several different types of integrated legal courses that are five years long. These courses allow students to complete both their bachelor's and master's degrees simultaneously. Integrated courses are beneficial to the career of a lawyer since it shortens the amount of time it takes to learn everything to five years.

  • B.A.+LL.B
  • B.Sc.+LL.B
  • BBA+LLB
  • B.Com+LL.B

The Entrance Exam for Law Courses 

CLAT Exam 

The Common Law Admission Test is a national level online exam held for lawyers.

Courses Offered BA LLB/BBA LLB/B.Sc LLB/LLM
CLAT 2021 Application Form opens January 1 – May 9, 2022
CLAT 2021 Exam Date To be Notified

AILET Exam

All India Law Entrance Test is an annual University entry level examination organised by National Law University, Delhi.

Courses Offered 5 Year B.A.LL.B.(Hons.), LL.M and PhD. Program
AILET 2021 Application Form open January 17 – May 25, 2022
AILET 2021 Exam Date November 13, 2022

LSAT Exam

Law School Admissions Test

Courses Offered BA LLB/BBA LLB/B.Sc LLB/LLM
LSAT 2021 Application Form opens October 18 -December 15, 2022
LSAT 2021 Exam Date January 15, 2022

SET Exam 

Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET) conducted by the Symbiosis Institute (Deemed University) for admission into undergraduate degree.

Courses Offered B.A LL.B, B.B.A LL.B, B.Des, BCA, BBA, BBA (IT), B.A. (Mass Comm.), B.A. (Liberal Arts), B.Sc (Economics), B.Sc (Liberal Arts), B.Sc (Culinary Arts) & B.Tech 
SET 2021 Application Form opens February 2022
SET 2021 Exam Date June 2022
How to Get a Job as a Lawyer in a Foreign Country

Laws are not only different from nation to nation but also evolve to reflect the shifting priorities of society. The Indian legal system is heavily influenced by the legal traditions of other countries. Candidates for legal jobs can benefit from having a more well-rounded understanding of the field by taking law courses in other countries, which also makes them eligible for a wider range of professional prospects around the world. The United Kingdom (UK), the United States of America (USA), Canada, and Australia stand out as the preferred locations for students who aspire to study various Law Courses and become successful Lawyers. This is true among all of the main international nations.

Below some of the most important prerequisites that a potential candidate must meet in order to submit an application to become a lawyer in a foreign country.

  • Candidates are required to pass the Class 12 board exams administered by an accredited board with an aggregate score that is at least 70 percent or higher, or another number that is similar.
  • Candidates are required to pass multiple English language proficiency examinations including the TOEFL and the IELTS with scores of at least 7.5 and 110 or higher, respectively, for each examination.
  • The candidate is required to have two to four letters of recommendation outlining the candidate's academic qualification and professional interests from the most recent educational establishment that they attended.
  • The vast majority of colleges have their own online application systems, and the candidate is required to submit their information through that specific portal.
  • In the event that the candidate wishes to enrol in a postgraduate programme, they are required to have obtained their LL.B degree from an establishment that is acknowledged and obtained an aggregate grade of at least 65 percent or higher.
  • Candidates are required to turn in all of the necessary paperwork.
  • The candidate has the option of submitting an application for financial help in the form of scholarships to study in another country.

A Ranking of the Best Law Schools

There are 1721 law schools and universities in India, many of which are ranked among the best in the world. There are over two times as many private law schools as there are public law schools in the United States. There are about 68 government-run law schools in the state of Madhya Pradesh, while almost 223 private law schools are located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. In a similar vein, there are a number of prestigious educational institutions located overseas that provide legal studies. There are a lot of them, but some of them include Harvard Law School and Columbia University.

The following provides a list, for your convenience, of few of the most prestigious law schools in India as well as in other countries.

India

NAME OF COLLEGES LOCATION FEES(INR)
Faculty of Law, University of Delhi Delhi 5,100
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi 10,360
The National Law Institute University (NLIU) Delhi 51,530
National Law School of India University Bangalore 84,000
NALSAR Hyderabad 57,000
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Delhi 27,000
National Law University Jodhpur 93,000
Symbiosis Law School Pune 1,53,000
Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi 10,400
Indian Law Institute Delhi 92,000
     

Abroad

NAME OF COLLEGE LOCATION FEES(INR)
Brunel University UK 30,50,000
University of East London UK 21,40,000
Harvard University, Cambridge USA 39,20,000
University of Pennsylvania USA 41,80,000
Yale University USA 34,10,000
The University of British Columbia Canada 8,12,000
McGill University - 18,80,000
The University of Queensland Australia 24,60,000
University of New South Wales Australia 23,20,000
The University of Newcastle Australia 27,10,000

Top Recruiters in the Legal Profession

There are a great number of recruitment agencies in India; nevertheless, Amarchand & Mangaldas and Suresh A. Shroff & Co. are the country's most well-known recruitment agencies.

  1. AZB & Partners
  2. Khaitan & CO
  3. Sagar Associates, J.
  4. The Law Offices of Luthra & Luthra
  5. The Association of Trilegal S&R
  6. The Application of Economic Laws
  7. Desai & Diwanji Talwar Thakore & Associates

Competencies Necessary for a Career as a Lawyer

There are six capabilities that are absolutely necessary for a lawyer to have, and we have detailed those capabilities in this article.

  1. Abilities in communication
  2. Ability to make judgments
  3. Analytical skills
  4. Abilities in research
  5. Perseverance
  6. Competencies based on creative work.

Salary of a Lawyer

Lawyers who represent clients in court are independent professionals who work for themselves. They are compensated for the work that they complete rather than receiving a regular paycheck. The beginning wage for a lawyer might range anywhere from 7,000 to 10,000 Indian Rupees (INR). A senior lawyer can expect to make anything between INR 5L to 7 LPA as a typical annual income. It is possible for the same amount to increase to as much as INR 28.1 L-37 LPA with progressive experience, education, and exposure.

The following table presents the typical annual income of a Lawyer, broken down into the many areas of concentration that are available.

LAWYER ANNUAL INCOME
Civil Law 3,01,000
Criminal Law 4,20,000
Corporate Law 5,50,000
Human Rights Law 2,60,000
Cyber Law 4,00,000
Intellectual Property Law 5,00,000
Tax Law 6,30,000
International Law 3,00,000

CONCLUSION

Pursuing higher education in the relevant discipline is the initial step toward a career. You can get the training you need to do what you want to do at some of the best educational institutions in the world. 

So, tell me, what exactly are you anticipating?

Get in touch with our team of knowledgeable Educational counsellors at Brainwonders to learn more about pursuing a career as LAWYER and schedule a no-cost consultation appointment right away. To know more about the Careers, you must read our site, The Careers Hub.

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