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MSc - Syllabus, Eligibility, Exams, Scope, Careers & Top Recruiters

05 May,2023  |  By Brainwonders

Career tour towards post graduation in Science

What does it mean when it says "Master of Science"?

The abbreviation "M.Sc" stands for "Master of Science." A master's degree in science, also known as an M.Sc., is a postgraduate degree that focuses on the study of scientific and technological topics. The content of the course is broken up into a variety of sub-disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, and a great deal of other topics. Students who pursue a Master's in Science are provided with a framework appropriate for professionals and are trained in a manner that is both theoretical and practical. This prepares them to advance their careers.

This course is designed to provide students with an advanced theoretical and practical understanding of science. It is up to the students who have graduated to decide which path they want to follow going forward with their lives. A Master of Science degree not only provides individuals with excellent employment opportunities but also makes the degree accessible through both traditional classroom settings and independent study.

What are the various incarnations of the Master of Science degree?

You can earn your Master of Science degree through one of these three different types of educational approaches:

  • Full-time learning programmes: Full-time learning programmes, also known as Master of Science programmes, require students to attend regular in-person classes. The administration of the school keeps a close eye on all of the different ways students study. This is by far the most common method of education, and it requires taking time away from work in order to participate.
  • Programs for learning on a part-time basis or through distance learning: Part-time study is an option that should be considered by students who are already juggling multiple commitments, such as a job or multiple classes. People who already have a full-time job and a personal life, but who want to further their education, are the target students for part-time classes. In addition, some programmes allow participants to send in their answers via mail.
  • Programs for education taken online: Technology underpins the entirety of the instructional model for online learning. The instruction, as well as the rest of the process, is delivered entirely through the use of the internet. Those who are unable to pay for in-person classes and struggle to maintain a consistent learning schedule would benefit from participating in online programmes.

What are the Requirements to Enroll in a Master of Science Program?

To be eligible to submit an application for admission to a master's degree programme in science, one must first satisfy the prerequisites established by the educational institutions. Let us take a look at the eligibility requirements for Master of Science programmes, which are as follows:

  • A bachelor's degree in science from an accredited institution is required of the applicant for this position in the field of science.
  • In order for the candidate to be eligible for the course, they must have obtained an overall minimum percentile that is at least sixty percent.
  • However, for students who wish to apply via the distance mode, the marks do not play a particularly important role in the application process for them. In order to be eligible to apply for the distance mode, students are required to have earned a passing grade in their graduation programme in any field that is either comparable or relevant.

Should I go for the Master of Science degree?

A Master of Science degree is widely regarded as being among the most prestigious and advantageous degrees. This programme opens the door to employment opportunities in the field of information technology and has a global reach. The curriculum is designed to cover outstanding features of science in a variety of domains, and it prepares students to have minds that are capable of original thought.

A master's degree is, in every sense of the word, a higher level of education, and graduates typically have a more developed worldview. Students need to keep in mind that any concentration they choose within the M. Sc. programme will provide them with excellent opportunities for their future jobs. As a result, enrolling in a Master of Science programme emerges as one of the most promising options.

Does one need to have previous work experience in order to be eligible for a Master of Science degree?

The value of your degree will be enhanced by the experiences you gained on the job. Students who do not have any previous job experience will not be at a disadvantage in terms of their eligibility to apply for the degree because they will not be required to have any. However, students who graduate and already have some post-college work experience will receive some additional points for their qualifications.

Therefore, previous work experience is not required in order to be considered for admission to the Master of Science programme in India. M. Sc. applications will be open to any and all students who have met the prerequisites and eligibility conditions.

Do I need to take any examinations to get into the Master of Science programme?

Applicants to prestigious universities for a Master of Science degree are need to pass specific entrance examinations. AIIMS PG, the Joint Admission Test offered by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT JAM), an entrance exam offered by the IGNOU, and other competitive admission exams are some instances.

The majority of colleges and universities demand that applicants achieve a minimum score on one of these admissions tests in order to be considered. These are some of the most well-known entrance tests, and they are prerequisites for getting into M.Sc. programmes.


IIT JAM is an abbreviation for the Joint Admission Test for Master of Science degrees. IIT JAM is one of the most competitive entrance examinations in India for students seeking admission to Master of Science degree programmes. Candidates vying for spots in a variety of Master of Science degree programmes offered by IITs and IISC. In addition to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), a large number of the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs) use the IIT Joint Admission Test to select students for admission. On a yearly basis, this examination is administered on behalf of the MHRD by the IITs on the basis of a rotational schedule.

The National Entrance Screening Test, or NEST

The National Entrance Screening Test, also known as NEST, is a test that is given on a national scale and is administered jointly by the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar and Mumbai University - Department of Atomic Energy Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (UM-DAE CEBS), Mumbai. This test is used to determine who will be admitted into integrated Master of Science degree programmes at the institutes. Those applicants who are successful in passing the examination will be offered admission into Integrated Master of Science degree programmes in the fields of Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Physics.

  • Exam Name -  National Entrance Screening Test
  • Exam Frequency - On a yearly basis
  • Exam Mode- Online
  • Duration of the Exam - 3 hours 30 minutes
  • Test Takers - Approx. 60,000
  • Taking Applications for Colleges - 1 college
  • The Authorized Website -

The Entrance Exam for Delhi University is Known as the DUET.

The Delhi University Entrance Test, also known as DUET, is an examination held at the national level. Candidates who wish to enrol in Master of Science programmes at Delhi University are eligible to take the test. The admissions test is given virtually once a year, on a yearly basis, online. . Sc. Anthropology, M.Sc. Forensic Science, M.Sc. Botany, M.Sc./M.Sc.- PhD Combined Degree course - Biomedical Sciences, M.Sc. Environmental Studies, M.Sc. Biochemistry, M.Sc. Electronics, M.Sc. Genetics, M.Sc. Informatics, and M.Sc. Microbiology are just some of the courses that are available in Delhi University through this entrance

  • Method of implementation - Online
  • Admissions Managing organisation - This is the University of Delhi.
  • The year in which the company was founded - 1922
  • The process of admission - A Matter of Merit and Admission
  • The Title of the Admissions Test - Delhi University Entrance Examination (DUET)
  • Exam Supervising Organization - NTA (National Testing Agency)
  • Exam mode - Test administered via computer
  • Programmes offered - M.A., M.Sc., and M.Com. degrees
  • Fee payment mode - Online

After finishing an M.Sc. degree programme, what is the typical income range?

Two to three lakhs is the average annual wage for someone who has recently graduated with a Master of Science degree. Having said that, the remuneration packages get enhanced as one has more experience in the industry. For those with a Master of Science degree or beyond, the income range can reach as high as seven to nine lakhs, or even higher.

The wage structures may differ for individuals in accordance with the stream with which they are affiliated as well as the job profile that they carry. Additionally, when it comes to determining remuneration packages, years of previous work experience are a significant factor. The higher the level of experience, the higher the base income will be.

What are the various subfields that can be pursued for an M.Sc. degree?

The Master of Science degree can be completed with a number of different concentrations, so students have the opportunity to investigate a wide range of topics. The following are some of the areas of concentration available to M. Sc. candidates:

What are some of the more well-known subfields that can be studied for an M.Sc degree?

Let's have a look at some of the M. Sc. specialisations that are recognised as being among the very finest in their respective fields. These include the following:

  • The Master of Science in Physics is the degree that is considered to be the most prestigious and to have the most marketable value. This class digs into a variety of fields and fields of study, including mathematics and physics, and is also heavily involved in the engineering field. Students who are enthusiastic about the research and technological aspects of the course will benefit the most from taking it. In addition, the course calls for an inventive mind that is able to think of ways in which the information technology industry might be improved.
  • M.Sc. in Chemistry: Students have a high demand for this course, which delves significantly into the realm of chemistry alone and receives a lot of positive feedback for its content. The course delves into a variety of subfields within the pharmaceutical industry, in addition to other research-based subfields within the medical and research communities. Students who have an interest in medicine and a leaning toward the field of chemistry are the ones who will do the best in this class since they have the background necessary.
  • Master of Science in Statistics: The study of statistics is, in and of itself, a very intriguing subject that is also in high demand. The course focuses on the collecting and analysis of data, including topics such as designs, experiments, surveys, and other related topics. 

How to Get Into Top Universities for a Master's Degree in Science

Students should bear in mind the eligibility standards that top colleges ask for in order to increase their chances of being accepted into one of those universities to pursue a Master of Science degree in any of the available specialisations. It is essential to perform in-depth study on the field of expertise that one is interested in pursuing and then compile a list of the top educational institutions in that field.

After compiling a list of the most prestigious educational institutions, potential students should familiarise themselves thoroughly with the qualifying requirements and then act in accordance with those standards. Additionally, the students should make it a priority to maintain grades that are significantly higher than what is required by the university. They will become more noticeable to the universities as a result of this.

Which prestigious schools offer a Master of Science degree?

There are a number of colleges that provide Master of Science degrees; nevertheless, it is well recognised that certain universities have a superior reputation for a particular field of study. In a similar vein, the following are some of the most prestigious colleges in the world that are known for having the best Master of Science programmes:

After the age of 30, is I still able to get my master's degree?

Applicants for a Master of Science degree must be at least 30 years old. It makes no difference what age you are, particularly if you are observing it from a distance. A Master of Science degree is always a viable option for candidates to consider. M.S. degree programmes at higher levels are open to working people who want to further their education.

The answer is that age does not have any bearing on the result. To earn a Master of Science degree, one needs simply to demonstrate that they have a significant motivation to do so, regardless of their age.

How much does it cost to take the Master of Science programme?

The price of a Master of Science degree will differ depending on the individual's area of concentration and the institution to which they apply. An Master of Science degree is approximately 2.8 lakh rupees more expensive than a Bachelor of Science degree. The pricing for the various specialties is determined by a variety of different approaches. The decision lies solely in the hands of the individual.

On the other hand, it's possible that the tuition for online Master of Science programmes is lower than that of traditional Master of Science programmes. People who were unable to attend traditional or on-campus classes due to financial constraints were targeted as potential participants in the distance learning programmes.

M.Sc. Salary

Postgraduates with a Master of Science degree have a lot of opportunities, and the pay vary depending on the field or industry they work in. Students have access to a significant number of options in both the commercial and public sectors of the economy. The following table presents, broken down by job profile, the annual compensation that is typical for those with a Master of Science degree.

Job Type Average Salary in Rs (Freshers to Experienced)
Research Assistant Rs 6 lakhs (approx)
Professor Rs. 8 lakhs (approx)
Laboratory Technician Rs. 5 lakhs (approx)
Food and Drug Inspector Rs.10 lakhs (approx)
Manager/Executive (Senior/Assistant/Junior) Rs. 15 lakhs (approx)
Biochemist Rs. 7.50 lakhs (approx)
Junior Research Fellow Rs.5 lakhs (approx)
Chemical Analyst Rs. 9.90 lakhs (approx)
Mathematician Rs. 7 lakhs (approx)
Scientist 6-20 Lakhs (approx)

Top Recruiters

  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • GAIL
  • ONGC
  • BHEL
  • ISRO
  • HLL
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • Ranbaxy
  • Cipla

What are the key distinctions between an Online and a Distance Master of Science degree?

In the past few years, online and distance learning have developed into quite solid possibilities for educational pursuits in spite of the critical times we are living in due to the pandemic. Students who are juggling multiple responsibilities at once and just do not have the spare time to attend traditional lectures might benefit tremendously from the availability of distance learning options. Both online and distance learning have emerged as viable solutions to the challenges faced by students who are also employed. On the other hand, a Master of Science degree earned online, which is more technologically advanced than a Master of Science degree earned through distance learning, will be a little bit different.

In contrast, if you enrol in a distance master of science programme, you won't have access to any online learning opportunities at all. There are a very limited number of universities that provide distance learning programmes that include online class options. In addition, online M.S. programmes offer online tests, whereas distance M.S. programmes do not. This is an advantage of the online M.S. programmes.

If you get your master's degree online, does it come cheaply or not?

Earning a degree at a distance or online is typically very cost-effective. The cost of the traditional Master of Science degree is significantly more than that of the online Master of Science degree. One of the reasons that distance learning programmes are given some consideration is that the programmes are designed in such a way that they take into account the possibility that a student may have financial difficulties. Therefore, the answer is yes; the M. Sc. degree that is completed online or through distance learning will be far more reasonable and cost-effective.

What advantages come with completing a Master of Science degree online or through distance learning?

Learning at a distance and completing coursework online are both beneficial in their own right. The Master of Science degree that is completed online will be available at a reduced cost, making it much more accessible to a large number of students. In addition, when it is finished from a well-known and acknowledged university, a Master of Science degree earned through remote learning will be accorded the same level of recognition as a Master of Science degree earned through regular study.

When completed from an established university that is recognised by the UGC, degrees earned through remote learning are frequently evaluated on an equal footing. Therefore, a student does not need to move out of his apartment for classes because he or she receives everything at his or her doorstep; there is no way that this cannot be an advantage.

Scope Master of Science

Students who have finished their undergraduate studies in Science often find that pursuing a Master of Science degree is one of the best options available to them. This is due to the rewarding career opportunities that are available after the completion of the course as well as the diverse scope of the degree. Those who have earned a Master of Science degree are considered experts in their profession, and depending on the area in which they chose to specialise their education, they have a variety of career options available to them. M.Sc. graduates have a lot of opportunities in the education, defence, automotive, and aerospace industries, as well as the public sector, healthcare, materials, computers, technology, energy, and information technology domains. 

These fields all require M.Sc. graduates for their operations. The following is a list of the most common professional fields open to someone with a Master of Science degree:

  • Teaching
  • Research
  • Banks
  • Railways
  • A Part of the Government
  • Private Sector
  • NTPC
  • ONGC
  • HPCL
  • ISRO
  • BARC
  • BHEL

Opportunities for Professions after Completing an M.Sc.

Graduates with a Master of Science degree might find rewarding careers in a wide variety of industries, depending on the areas in which they chose to specialise. After finishing their Master of Science degrees, students have the option of entering a variety of different fields and specialisations. The following is a list of the top job profiles for postgraduates with a Master of Science degree:

  • A master's degree in mathematics or a closely related field is typically required for candidates interested in pursuing a career in mathematics as a mathematician. A mathematician is someone who applies the advanced ideas and methods of mathematics to develop and comprehend scientific principles, as well as to find solutions to real-world issues in areas such as commerce, government, the social sciences, and other related fields.
  • Research Scientist: The primary responsibilities of a research scientist include the planning of controlled laboratory experiments and investigations, as well as the comprehension and analysis of the resulting data. A student who chooses to pursue a career in research science has various different employers from which to select, including government labs, environmental organisations, and others.
  • Junior Research Fellow One of the primary responsibilities of a Junior Research Fellow (JRF) is to conduct original research, direct the development of research-related technologies, publish scientific work and the results of that work, and so on. In addition to the Junior Research Fellowship, candidates typically pursue doctoral degrees in the relevant discipline.
  • A graduate with a Master of Science degree also has the option of becoming an educator in the field of science in which they specialise. After completing their post-graduate studies, some students go on to earn a Bachelor of Education degree to expand their knowledge in the field of education.
  • Biochemist: A biochemist is a specialist who plays an important part in the process of developing drugs to treat a wide range of illnesses. A significant portion of a biochemist's day-to-day work consists of conducting study on the influence that pharmaceuticals and foods have on various biological processes by analysing DNA, enzymes, and other substances.
  • Inspector of Drugs and Food: The primary duty of a drug and food inspector is to ensure that all items are suitable for human consumption and do not pose any health risks. An inspector of food and drugs, who is also known as a quality control inspector, is responsible for conducting inspections of food or pharmaceuticals at various stages of the production process in order to guarantee that quality standards are being adhered to.


A Master of Science (M. Sc.) degree is extremely prestigious and calls for exceptional knowledge and expertise in a variety of fields. As a result of its extensive involvement in the field of science and technology, the programme proves to be an extremely fascinating one

Pursuing higher education in the relevant discipline is the initial step toward a career. You can get the training you need to do what you want to do at some of the best educational institutions in the world. 

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