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MBBS Full Form (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), Course, Admission 2024, Fees, Eligibility

15 February,2024  |  By Brainwonders

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)

MBBS, or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is an undergraduate degree course in the field of medicine and surgery. The course duration is five years and is designed to develop various skills such as patience, empathy, and communication skills. It provides a basic knowledge of human anatomy, general medicine, and surgery. To be eligible for the MBBS degree, students need to complete their 10+2 in the Science stream, with Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as major subjects, and should appear for the NEET.

The MBBS degree covers various medical specialties to allow learners to develop an in-depth understanding of their area of interest. It is a prolonged study that requires a significant amount of patience and ability. Upon completion, graduates can pursue careers as Doctors, Medical Officers, Surgeons, and General Physicians, with an average salary of Rs. 10 LPA. Top companies that hire MBBS graduates include Apollo Group, Manipal Group, Fortis Hospitals, and AIIMS.

What is MBBS Full Form?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or MBBS degree is a five-year-long undergraduate medical degree programme. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, or MBBS is derived from the Latin phrase Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae.

To secure admission to the MBBS program at any college in India, students are required to take the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET). This is the sole entrance examination accepted by both public and private institutions for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) programs.

Previously, the JIPMER MBBS Exam and AIIMS MBBS Exam were significant entrance tests for MBBS programs in India. However, both exams were discontinued in 2019, making NEET the most crucial medical entrance examination in India.

Successful completion of the NEET exam is a prerequisite for admission to top universities in India offering the MBBS program. The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers NEET, and selected candidates are invited to a counseling session based on their rank and NEET scorecard. During the counseling session, candidates can choose a college based on their rank, and after selection, they are required to submit the necessary paperwork to the respective authorities.

Highlights - MBBS

Course Name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Abbreviation MBBS
Type Degree
Level Undergraduate
Field Healthcare
Eligibility 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology
MBBS Course Duration 5.5 years
Average Fee Rs. 71,000 to Rs. 2,100,000
Average Salary Rs. 360,000 per annum
Career Opportunities Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist
Top Recruiters Apollo Group, Indian Nursing Council, Fortis Hospitals, Manipal Group, Medica

MBBS Fees Structure

The fee structure for MBBS varies from one university to another and is primarily determined by the type of institution. Before choosing a specific college, students should review the fee structure for the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). On average, the MBBS fees amount to Rs. 5 lakhs.

Why Choose MBBS?

MBBS is an intensely competitive program, with admissions based on students' ranks in the NEET examination. Many students participate in the NEET exam every year, vying for admission to MBBS programs. Many students even take a gap year to prepare for this exam, aiming for admission to prestigious medical colleges in India.

Once students achieve the required marks, they must undergo the NEET counselling process for admission. Successful completion of an MBBS course unlocks numerous career opportunities in the healthcare industry. Graduates can pursue further specialization through MS, MD, or DNB programs. This opens doors to various medical careers, including roles such as a general surgeon, endocrinologist, pathologist, neurologist, physician, ENT specialist, cardiologist, or oncologist.

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

Applicants must meet specific eligibility criteria for admission to the MBBS degree program. Prospective candidates are advised to thoroughly review the necessary details, including the MBBS eligibility criteria and the admission process. Below, we outline the critical MBBS eligibility criteria:

  1. General applicants are typically required to have a minimum of 50 percent marks in their intermediate examination.
  2. The minimum age for registering for the MBBS NEET exam is 17 years.
  3. Applicants must pass the required medical entrance exam for MBBS admission.
  4. Students are expected to have completed their 10+2 education with compulsory subjects, including Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.
  5. The minimum acceptable percentage for candidates in reserved categories is typically 40 percent.
  6. The maximum age limit for applying to the MBBS course is usually 25 years.

Skills Required for MBBS Degree

Candidates must possess specific skills to maximize the benefits of their MBBS degree program. After obtaining an MBBS degree, students should develop the following skill sets to advance in their careers:

Patience Physical Strength
Communication Skills Attention to Detail
Critical Thinking Empathy

MBBS Application Process

Various institutions and schools employ different methods for admitting students into their MBBS courses. Educational institutions utilize diverse approaches to enrol applicants in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery programs. To obtain an MBBS degree, applicants need a comprehensive understanding of these methods as they secure admission through these channels. Here are the various methods by which candidates can gain admission to an MBBS degree program:

  1. Entrance Exams: The most common method for admitting candidates into MBBS programs is through medical entrance exams conducted by colleges and universities. Aspiring MBBS students take these entrance exams to qualify for a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. The results from these exams enable students to apply to prestigious universities that offer such degrees.
  2. Merit-Based: Some colleges and universities offer admission to MBBS programs based on the marks obtained in the 10+2 examination. MBBS eligibility criteria are often linked to the scores achieved in 10+2. These institutions admit students using cutoff lists. However, the number of such colleges is limited, and for most MBBS programs, taking a medical entrance exam is mandatory.

Top MBBS Exams

Several universities conduct entrance examinations for the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (BMBS or MBBS) degree. In some major universities, the selection process for this degree considers the total marks in the final year of high school and the entrance exam.

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate (NEET-UG) is the crucial criterion for admission to the MBBS program. NEET UG serves as the common entrance examination required for admission to all medical universities and colleges in India. Every applicant aspiring to pursue the MBBS course must apply for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate (NEET-UG).

Previously, there was an exception for admissions to AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS programs because these institutions used to conduct their medical entrance exams. However, it's important to note that these institution-specific entrance exams have since been eliminated.

MBBS Cut off

The cut-off for Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) assesses a student's merit for admission to the MBBS degree program. In the MBBS admission process, the primary criterion that every medical college considers is the NEET cut-off. The NEET cut-off is determined by factors such as the number of students taking the NEET examination and the level of difficulty of the NEET question paper.

CMC Vellore KMC Manipal
KMC Mangalore MS Ramaiah Medical College Bangalore
St Johns Medical College Bangalore AFMC Pune
KPC Medical College and Hospital, Jadavpur Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

MBBS Specialisations

Medical colleges in India strive to offer students a modern, forward-looking education through their MBBS degree programs. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees impart both practical and theoretical knowledge, equipping students with the latest trends and subjects in the healthcare industry. There is a high demand for healthcare professionals in India, even though the job market has limited employment opportunities, with a surplus of doctors. Earning an MBBS degree opens doors for students to pursue their goals in the medical and healthcare sectors.

Ophthalmology General Medicine
Orthopedics General Surgery
Anaesthesiology Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Dermatology ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)
Psychiatry Pediatrics

What after MBBS?

Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) students are highly sought after in the healthcare industry, offering various employment opportunities in the government and private sectors. Graduates can explore careers in biomedical companies, medical centres, healthcare facilities, laboratories, emergency rooms, community health centres, and private practice. The evolving and growing healthcare industry provides numerous choices for students after completing their MBBS program.

MBBS is a comprehensive medical degree that allows graduates to prescribe medications, and many opt to pursue a master's degree in specialized fields to become recognized physicians. Some prominent recruitment agencies for MBBS graduates include Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd, Medanta Hospitals, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Fortis Healthcare Ltd, and Cipla Ltd. Positions available in these institutions encompass roles such as anaesthetist and cardiologist.

Other Popular Medical Degrees

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • M.CH (Master of Chirurgiae)
  • MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • MDS (Master of Dental Surgery)

Careers Opportunities after MBBS

In this section, we will explore various career opportunities available to individuals with an MBBS degree:

  1. Doctor: A doctor is a medical professional who works in different healthcare settings, offering surgical, therapeutic, and medical care to patients. They diagnose illnesses, conduct examinations, review medical histories, and may order tests to provide accurate treatment. Becoming a doctor typically involves pursuing an MBBS degree and specialization through a postgraduate degree program.
  2. Medical Officers: Medical officers, also known as chief medical officers, primarily oversee clinics. They diagnose and provide medical assistance, guidance on medical conditions, and disease control. This profession is a rewarding career option for MBBS graduates. Medical officers play a crucial role in supervising patient treatment and coordinating the responsibilities of other medical professionals. They may actively participate in treatment implementation and assess individual and family needs, developing treatment plans.
  3. Surgeon: Surgeons are responsible for diagnosing patients, performing surgery, and providing ongoing medical care and treatment. Surgery is considered one of the best career options after MBBS. Surgeons often act as leaders of the surgical team, ensuring collaboration and coordination among team members, including other surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nursing staff in the operating room. They perform operations to improve health, such as repairing injuries or addressing medical conditions.
  4. General Physician: Graduates with an MBBS degree can start their careers as general physicians. They research, diagnose, and treat patient illnesses. General physicians play a crucial role in the early stages of disease management. If a patient's condition becomes more complex or requires specialized treatment, they may refer the patient to a medical specialist. General physicians provide patients with a wide range of non-surgical medical care, addressing complex, critical, or severe health issues.
  5. Pediatrician: Pediatricians specialize in treating children's diseases and monitoring their growth and development. They conduct comprehensive examinations on infants and young children, assess their health and physical development, and gather information on health concerns. Paediatricians prescribe medications and offer guidance on their administration. They are dedicated to ensuring the well-being of children and providing specialized care for their unique healthcare needs.

These are some of the prominent career paths available to individuals who have earned an MBBS degree. Each path offers unique challenges and opportunities to impact medicine and healthcare significantly.

Top Recruiters

Here are some of the top recruiters who hire MBBS graduates:

  1. All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  2. Apollo Group
  3. Indian Nursing Council
  4. Fortis Hospitals
  5. Manipal Group
  6. Medica

These organizations offer excellent career opportunities for MBBS graduates in various medical and healthcare roles.

Salary after MBBS Degree

The average salary of MBBS graduates can vary significantly based on several factors. Variations in salary are often influenced by the sector and organization of employment, as well as an individual's commitment and experience in the workplace. Here, we outline the potential salary ranges for MBBS graduates:

Job Profiles Average Salary
Doctor Rs. 5.4 LPA
Medical Officer Rs. 5.2 LPA
Surgeon Rs. 10.8 LPA
General Physician Rs. 7.2 LPA
Paediatrician Rs. 8 LPA

MBBS Syllabus

In this segment, we present the typical MBBS syllabus, widely adopted by numerous medical colleges in India. The MBBS curriculum spans five years, with an additional mandatory one-year rotary internship.
Semester-I Semester-II Semester-III Semester-IV Semester-V
Fundamentals of Disease and Treatment Health and the Environment General Pathology Systemic Pathology Special Pathology
Introduction to Medical Practice I Basic Haematology Neoplasia Haematology Clinical Pathology
Cell Biology Healthcare Concepts Hereditary Disorder Cardiovascular System General Pathology
Locomotor System Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System) Environmental Pathology Alimentary System Growth Disturbance and Neoplasia
Introduction to Molecular Medicine Respiratory System  Nutrition Disorders Common Symptoms and Signs Immunopathology
Introduction of Embryology and Histology - Immunity - -
Semester-VI Semester-VII  Semester-VII Semester-IX Semester-X
Epidemiology of communicable diseases Infectious disease Endocrine disease Nervous system Rotatary Internship Programme
Epidemiology of non‐communicable diseases Nutritional disease Metabolic and Bone disease Kidney disease -
Reproductive and child health Geriatric disease Emergency medicine and critical care Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bite -
- Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue, and joints Brain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation Emergency medicine and critical care -
- Haematology and Oncology Nervous system - -
- - - - -


If you're unsure if a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is the right choice for you, let our team of expert counsellors at Brainwonders help you find the perfect career path. We understand that making such an important decision can be confusing, which is why we offer comprehensive assessments and personalised advice to ensure we provide you with the best possible direction and opportunity. With our assistance, you'll gain clarity on your future prospects and unlock the potential to achieve your long-term ambitions.Choosing the right career stream is crucial to a fulfilling and prosperous future.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. Is MBBS required for a career as a doctor?

Ans: MBBS is the most popular and widely recognized doctoral degree, which stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). The primary bachelor's degree allows graduates to use the title "doctor" in their names. An MBBS degree is the foundation for a career as a medical professional.

Q2. What is the full form of an MBBS degree?

Ans: The abbreviation MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. This degree program grants both the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, serving as the two primary undergraduate medical degrees. The MBBS program typically lasts 5 to 6 years, including the internship phase.

Q3. What is MBBS called in the USA?

Ans: In the United States of America, the medical degree is recognized as MD (Doctor of Medicine), not MBBS. Medical courses in the USA are conducted in English, and the medical degrees accepted there include MCI, WHO, ECFMG, and MCC. The MBBS format for medical education has already been established in the US.

Q4. Is Indian MBBS valid in the USA?

Ans: In the United States, an Indian student cannot immediately practice as a doctor after completing an MBBS because the basic level of practice requires postgraduate medical education in the USA. The United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) outlines specific medical courses to be completed in the USA after obtaining an MBBS degree.

Q5. Is doing an MBBS from a private college worthwhile?

Ans: Yes, the college from which you earn your MBBS degree is less important than your performance in your medical academic pursuits. Your dedication and proficiency are the key factors that matter.

Q6. Is qualifying for NEET to study MBBS in private medical colleges mandatory as well?

Ans: Yes, it is mandatory to qualify in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admission to both government and private medical colleges. NEET is the standard entrance test for all undergraduate medical degrees in India.

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