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What are the Top 20 Medical Courses after 12th? Detailed Guide!

10 June,2024  |  By Brainwonders

Top 20 Medical Courses after 12th

Are you passionate about human anatomy, physiology, and hormonal compositions? Are you interested in pursuing medical courses after 12th grade? If so, this article is your ultimate guide to opportunities in medicine and allied medical programs.

This article covers the top colleges, courses, entrance exams, and career opportunities available for medical courses after 12th grade. This comprehensive guide will explore the top 14 medical courses available after completing high school.

Let's begin this informative journey and uncover the extensive world of medical education!

Top 20 Medical Courses  after 12th

  1. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS]
  2. Bachelor of Pharmacy or BPharm
  3. Bachelor of Physiotherapy [BPT]
  4. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery [BAMS]
  5. Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery
  6. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  7. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc Nursing)
  8. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery [BHMS]
  9. Bachelor of Occupational Therapy [BOT]
  10. Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology [BASLP]
  11. Bachelor of Science in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  12. Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Industrial Microbiology)
  13. Bachelor of Optometry [B.Optom]
  14. Bachelor of Veterinary Science
  15. Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (BSc MLT)
  16. Bachelor of Science in Cardiac Technology
  17. Bachelor of Science in Respiratory Therapy
  18. Bachelor of Science in Dialysis Technology
  19. Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics
  20. Bachelor of Science in Optometry

1. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Doctors play a vital role in maintaining health and fitness by diagnosing and treating patients' illnesses and injuries. They may work with all age groups or specialize in fields like cardiology or neurology.

Course Details:

The MBBS degree lasts 4.5 years and is followed by a one-year internship. The curriculum includes subjects such as anatomy, physiology, allied medicine, community medicine, paediatrics, and microbiology. Students learn to diagnose and treat patients, practice medical ethics, understand national health programs, and develop essential medical skills.

Specialization:

Post-graduation (MD) options include specialities like cardiology, clinical pharmacology, and psychiatry.

Professional Opportunities:

MBBS graduates can work in hospitals and clinics as general physicians and surgeons.

Entrance Exams:

The primary entrance exam for MBBS in India is NEET UG.

Top Colleges:

  • AIIMS
  • Armed Forces Medical College
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College
  • Kasturba Medical College
  • Maulana Azad Medical College
  • Christian Medical College

2. Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)

Pharmacists ensure the safe and effective use of medications, provide drug information, and counsel patients.

Course Details:

The BPharm program is typically four years long and covers subjects such as pharmaceutical organic chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, pharmaceutical analysis, and medicinal chemistry.

Specialization:

Post-graduation options include an MPharm, PharmD, or an MBA focusing on clinical pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, pharmaceutical research, or pharmacology.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as pharmacists in hospitals, retail pharmacies, pharmaceutical companies, research laboratories, and regulatory bodies.

Entrance Exams:

Entrance exams include GUJCET, UPSEE, KCET, MHT-CET, TS EAMCET, APEAMCET, BITSAT, and CUCET. The Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) is required for MPharm admissions.

Top Colleges:

  • National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
  • Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Jamia Hamdard University
  • Bombay College of Pharmacy
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)

3. Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

Physiotherapists help restore and maintain physical function, mobility, and well-being using various techniques and therapies.

Course Details:

BPT is a 4.5-year course, including an internship. The curriculum includes anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, biomechanics, kinesiology, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, general medicine, and general surgery.

Specialization:

Post-graduation options include MPT in orthopaedics, neurology, sports physiotherapy, cardiovascular and respiratory physiotherapy, or pediatric physiotherapy.

Professional Opportunities:

Physiotherapists work in hospitals, clinics, private practices, and psychiatric settings.

Entrance Exams:

Some institutions require NEET UG scores, while others conduct their own entrance exams or consider qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Department of Physiotherapy, Bangalore Medical College
  • CMC Vellore
  • Jamia Hamdard
  • SRM University
  • Manipal College of Health Professions

4. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)

Ayurvedic practitioners use natural therapies to eliminate impurities, reduce stress, and fight disease.

Course Details:

BAMS includes modern anatomy, principles of medicine, social and preventive medicines, and forensic medicine.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as Ayurvedic doctors, pharmacists, drug manufacturers, or researchers in hospitals, clinics, pharmaceutical companies, and research centres.

Entrance Exams:

NEET UG, followed by counselling through the Ayush Admissions Central Counseling Committee (AACCC).

Top Colleges:

  • Ayurved Mahavidyalaya
  • Ayurved & Unani Tibbia College
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • The Institute of Medical Sciences
  • National Institute of Ayurveda
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

5. Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)

BUMS focuses on achieving holistic health and well-being through Unani medicine.

Course Details:

The BUMS degree lasts 4.5 years and covers subjects such as Kulliyat (basic principles of Unani medicine), Ilmul Advia (pharmacology), and Amraz E Jild (dermatology).

Specialization:

Post-graduation options include Moalijat (general medicine), Ilmul Qabalat wa Amraze Niswan (obstetrics and gynaecology), or Ilmul Saidla (pharmacy).

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as Unani doctors in hospitals, dispensaries, wellness centres, research institutes, and private practice.

Entrance Exams:

NEET UG, followed by AACCC counselling.

Top Colleges:

  • Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College
  • Government Nizamia Tibbi College
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • Jamia Hamdard University

6. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

Dentists diagnose and treat dental and oral conditions, ensuring oral health.

Course Details:

BDS is a 4-year course followed by a 1-year internship. Subjects include dental anatomy, oral pathology, dental materials, periodontics, endodontics, oral surgery, and prosthodontics.

Professional Opportunities:

Dentists work in clinics, hospitals, dental colleges, and research institutions.

Entrance Exam:

NEET UG is the entrance exam for BDS courses.

Top Colleges:

  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences
  • Government Dental College and Hospital
  • Christian Dental College, Ludhiana
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • Nair Hospital Dental College

7. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc Nursing)

Nurses provide compassionate care, promote health, prevent illness, and assist in patient recovery.

Course Details:

BSc Nursing is a 4-year course covering anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, nutrition, medical-surgical nursing, pediatric nursing, psychiatric nursing, community health nursing, and research methodology.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as registered nurses in hospitals, clinics, community health centres, and nursing homes.

Entrance Exams:

Entrance exams vary by institution, with some accepting state-level exams and others using NEET-UG for admission.

Top Colleges:

  • AIIMS
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)
  • Christian Medical College (CMC)
  • Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing
  • College of Nursing, PGIMER

8. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)

Homeopathy focuses on the body's self-healing power and holistic treatment.

Course Details:

BHMS is a 5.5-year course covering herbology, ayurvedic plant healing, and homoeopathy principles. Post-graduation options include MD in homoeopathic pharmacy, medicine, psychiatry, and paediatrics.

Professional Opportunities:

Homeopathic doctors can work in medical colleges, research institutes, consultancies, training institutes, life science industries, healthcare communities, and nursing homes.

Entrance Exams:

NEET UG, followed by AACCC counselling.

Top Colleges:

  • National Institute of Homeopathy
  • Nehru Homeopathic Medical College
  • Dr. D.Y. Patil Homeopathic Medical College
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth’s Homeopathic Medical College

9. Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)

Occupational therapists help individuals lead independent, productive lives by addressing physical, developmental, social, or emotional challenges.

Course Details:

BOT is a minimum requirement to start a career in occupational therapy. It includes various recovery techniques, internships, and training programs. Specialization options are available through a master's degree in occupational therapy.

Professional Opportunities:

Occupational therapists work in social service departments, hospitals, special schools, and private clinics.

Top Colleges:

  • Christian Medical College
  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • S.R.M. Institute of Medical Science and Research
  • Jamia Hamdard Deemed University

10. Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP)

BASLP focuses on diagnosing, evaluating, and treating communication disorders related to hearing, speech, and language.

Course Details:

BASLP is a four-year course that covers audiology, speech-language pathology, rehabilitation techniques, communication disorders, and research methodologies.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as audiologists, speech-language pathologists, or speech therapists in hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centres, schools, and private practice.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary by institution, with some conducting their own entrance exams and others using qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Speech and Hearing
  • Manipal College of Health Professions
  • Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research
  • School of Allied Health Sciences, Jamia Hamdard University

11. Bachelor of Science in Radiography and Medical Imaging

This program focuses on using advanced imaging technologies to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

Course Details:

BSc in Radiography and Medical Imaging is typically a 3-year course covering radiographic techniques, anatomy, medical physics, image interpretation, patient care, and radiation safety.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as radiographers, radiology technicians, or medical imaging technologists in hospitals, diagnostic centres, clinics, and research institutions.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary, with some institutions conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Manipal College of Health Professions
  • Jamia Hamdard University
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • JIPMER, Puducherry

12. Bachelor of Optometry [B.Optom]:

The Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom) program focuses on eye care and vision correction, training students to become optometrists and provide primary eye healthcare services. It is considered one of the top courses for medical students.

Course Details:

  • Duration: 4 years undergraduate program
  • Specialization: Visual health and eye care

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as optometrists, eye care specialists, and vision therapists or start their own private clinics.

Entrance Exam:

Some universities and institutions require entrance exams, while others admit students based on qualifying examination performance.

Top Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Bausch and Lomb School of Optometry
  • Amity University
  • Lotus College of Optometry
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Optometry
  • LV Prasad Eye Institute
  • Manipal College of Health Professions
  • Elite School of Optometry
  • Nethra School of Optometry

13. Bachelor of Veterinary Science:

Overview:

Veterinarians provide medical care to animals, perform surgeries, conduct tests, vaccinate against diseases, and educate owners on animal care. If you love animals and want to treat them, this profession is right for you.

Course Details:

  • Requirements: Bachelor's degree in veterinary science from a university recognized by the Veterinary Council of India
  • Registration: You must register with the state veterinary council to obtain a license to practice
  • Internship: Mandatory 6-month internship under the council
  • Specialization: Option to pursue an M.V.Sc in areas like surgery, genetics and breeding, immunology, biotechnology, etc.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work in private/government hospitals, clinics, poultry farms, husbandry departments, and research.

Entrance Exams:

NEET UG and various state-level entrance exams like MHT CET (Maharashtra), KEAM (Kerala), CENTAC (Pondicherry), GADVASU (Punjab, Himachal), GUJCET (Gujarat).

Top Colleges:

  • Bombay Veterinary Science College
  • Birsa Agricultural University
  • College of Veterinary and Animal Science
  • College of Veterinary Sciences

14. Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Industrial Microbiology)

Overview:

The Bachelor of Science in Industrial Microbiology is an undergraduate program that focuses on studying microorganisms and their applications in industrial processes. This course combines microbiology with industrial applications, preparing students for biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, food industries, and environmental management careers.

Course Details:

  • Duration: 3 years
  • Curriculum: The course covers various aspects of microbiology, including microbial physiology, genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, and industrial applications of microorganisms. Students also learn about fermentation technology, bioprocess engineering, microbial biotechnology, and environmental microbiology.
  • Practical Training: Emphasis is placed on laboratory work and practical training to provide hands-on experience with microbial techniques and industrial processes.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates of B.Sc in Industrial Microbiology can pursue diverse career paths in various sectors:

  • Biotechnology Industry: Working on the development of new biotechnological products and processes.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Research and development of antibiotics, vaccines, and other medical products.
  • Food and Beverage Industry: Ensuring quality control and developing new food products through microbial processes.
  • Environmental Management: Addressing environmental issues through bioremediation and waste management.
  • Research and Development: Conducting research in academic, governmental, or private laboratories.
  • Quality Assurance and Control: Ensuring the quality and safety of industrial products.

Entrance Exam:

Admission to the B.Sc (Industrial Microbiology) program may vary depending on the institution:

  • Merit-Based Admission: Some colleges admit students based on their performance in the 12th-grade examinations, particularly in science subjects.
  • Entrance Exams: Certain universities and colleges conduct entrance exams to assess the knowledge and aptitude of prospective students in relevant subjects.

Top Colleges:

  • St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Christ University, Bengaluru
  • Mount Carmel College, Bengaluru
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Punjab University, Chandigarh

15. Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (BSc MLT)

Medical Laboratory Technologists play a crucial role in diagnosing diseases by conducting lab tests on biological samples.

Course Details:

BSc MLT is a three-year course that covers subjects such as clinical biochemistry, haematology, microbiology, immunology, pathology, and molecular biology. Students also learn various diagnostic techniques, lab management, and safety procedures.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as medical lab technologists, clinical lab scientists, or lab managers in hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, research facilities, and pharmaceutical companies.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary by institution, with some conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • Jamia Hamdard University
  • Kasturba Medical College

16. Bachelor of Science in Cardiac Technology

Cardiac Technologists assist cardiologists in diagnosing and treating heart-related ailments using various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

Course Details:

This 3 to 4-year program includes subjects such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, cardiac care technology, and diagnostic techniques like echocardiography and electrocardiography.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as cardiac technologists, echo technologists, or cardiac care technologists in hospitals, cardiac centres, and diagnostic labs.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary, with some institutions conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bangalore
  • Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research, Bangalore
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi

17. Bachelor of Science in Respiratory Therapy

Respiratory Therapists assist patients with breathing disorders and manage respiratory equipment.

Course Details:

The 3—to 4-year course includes subjects such as human anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, respiratory care techniques, critical care, and pharmacology.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as respiratory therapists, pulmonary function technologists, or critical care specialists in hospitals, clinics, and home care settings.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary by institution, with some conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Manipal College of Health Professions
  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Jamia Hamdard University

18. Bachelor of Science in Dialysis Technology

Dialysis Technologists manage and operate dialysis machines to help patients with kidney failure.

Course Details:

This 3-year course covers subjects like anatomy, physiology, renal diseases, dialysis technology, and patient care.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as dialysis technologists or technicians in hospitals, dialysis centres, and clinics.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary, with some institutions conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Manipal College of Health Professions
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research
  • AIIMS, Delhi

19. Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics

Nutritionists and Dietitians help people maintain healthy eating habits and manage nutritional needs.

Course Details:

This three-year course includes subjects such as human nutrition, food science, dietetics, community nutrition, and clinical nutrition.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as nutritionists, dietitians, food service managers, or wellness coaches in hospitals, clinics, sports centres, schools, and private practice.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary by institution, with some conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • Lady Irwin College, Delhi
  • Institute of Home Economics, Delhi
  • Mount Carmel College, Bangalore
  • SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education

20. Bachelor of Science in Optometry

Optometrists diagnose and treat eye conditions and prescribe corrective lenses.

Course Details:

This four-year course includes subjects such as human anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, optics, ocular diseases, clinical optometry, and contact lenses.

Professional Opportunities:

Graduates can work as optometrists, vision consultants, or ocular health specialists in hospitals, eye care clinics, optical retail stores, and research institutions.

Entrance Exams:

Admission processes vary by institution, with some conducting their own entrance exams and others considering qualifying exam performance.

Top Colleges:

  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education
  • Elite School of Optometry, Chennai
  • Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth School of Optometry, Pune

Conclusion:

Choosing a medical course after 12th grade is a crucial decision that lays the foundation for a rewarding healthcare career. Medicine offers diverse opportunities, each catering to different interests and aspirations. Whether your goal is to become a doctor, pharmacist, physiotherapist, radiographer, or specialize in alternative medicine, there is a course suited to your passion and goals.

Have any further questions regarding this? Contact us at Brainwonders. Here, at Brainwonders we provide comprehensive services and scientific assessments that make us a trusted partner for individuals of all ages, from preschoolers to job seekers. With its expertise and personalized guidance, Brainwonders is dedicated to empowering individuals to unlock their full potential and find fulfilling career paths through extensive evidence-based assessments such as aptitude tests, interest tests, personality tests and also through DMIT, a biometric based assessment.

FAQs:

Q1. Which is the best medical course after 12th without NEET?

Ans: For those wanting to pursue a medical career without appearing for NEET, options include:

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
  • Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)

These courses offer excellent specialization opportunities and rewarding careers. Consulting an education counsellor can help identify the best fit based on your interests and eligibility.

Q2. Which medical course after 12th has the highest scope?

Ans: The scope of medical courses depends on personal interest, market demand, and individual skills. High-demand courses offering promising career opportunities include:

  • MBBS
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharm)
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
  • Bachelor of Optometry (B.Optom)
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science

Choose a course that aligns with your interests and passion; success often follows dedication and hard work.

Q3. How can I study Medicine after 12th?

Ans: To study Medicine after 12th grade, pursue an undergraduate medical course like MBBS or BDS. Eligibility generally includes completing 12th grade with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The admission process typically involves appearing for the NEET exam, followed by counselling.

Q4. How much percentage is required for medical courses after 12th?

Ans: The required percentage for eligibility in medical courses like MBBS or BDS is typically between 50% and 60%, with admission primarily based on NEET scores. For other medical-related courses, the required marks vary depending on the specific college or university. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology must be the main subjects in 12th grade. Check the particular eligibility criteria for each institution, as requirements may differ.

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