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Courses in Biology After 12th Except MBBS

10 May,2023  |  By Brainwonders


Are there other medical courses to pursue apart from MBBS? If you have a background in 12th science, biology, the answer is yes! This post will provide an overview of your options and explain why the biological field offers plenty of opportunities for individuals interested in furthering their careers. 

The medical field is incredibly diversified, which means that it can be difficult to navigate without adequate guidance. Fortunately, students with a background in biology have numerous options to research, observe, and explore different branches of this fascinating subject. Rather than pursuing MBBS alone, aspiring professionals are able to delve into modern-day medical technology and gain insight into numerous specialized areas with significant potential for career development. 

From a range of specializations, such as biotechnology, pharmacology and nutrition, to distinct disciplines like DNA engineering, immunology, and bioinformatics - all of these provide a wealth of possibilities that can help aspiring biologists embark on a successful path. With abundant resources available, you can make an informed decision about what course is best suited for you.

Now, discuss some of the top medical courses after 12th science biology.

Major Specialisation in Biology:


Anatomy is the branch of biology that deals with studying the structure and organ systems of the human body. The anatomical medical experts examine human anatomy.


Botany of biology is concerned with the study of plants, including their structure, photosynthesis, biomedical process, and other properties. In short, botany deals with the study of plant development and its attributes.


Biotechnology is concerned with the manufacturing of biopharmaceuticals on an industrial scale as well as the biological application of genetically engineered microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals.

Cell Biology

Cell Biology is the branch of biology that studies the basic unit of life, the cell. This field examines all critical aspects of the cell, including cell division, cell anatomy, and cell processes.


Ecology is the medical branch of biology that deals with studying the connection between living organisms, including humans and their physical environment. In the ecology field, you will get to know the relations between plants and animals and the environment around them.


Heredity is passed on from one generation to another. Genetics describes the genetic changes and deals with the study of genes and genetic variation in living organisms. 


Immunology is the branch of medical and biological sciences that deals with the study of the immune system. It deals with the ailments and other disorders affecting the immune system.


Microbiology majorly deals with the minute microscopic organisms such as amoeba, fungi, bacteria, protozoa, algae, and viruses. It deals with studying microbial growth, genetics, metabolism, and physiology while examining microorganisms' relationship with the environment.

Molecular Biology

Molecular biology is the biological field that studies the structure, composition, coordination and interactions of cellular molecules that carry out the biological processes necessary for a cell's functioning.

Marine Biology

Marine biology is concerned with studying the plants and animals that live in the sea. In addition, marine biology also studies marine organisms and their composition and interaction with the environment. 


The science of the human body's workings is known as physiology. It explains the chemistry and physics of the human body, from how molecules interact in cells to how organ systems work together.

Plant Physiology

Plant physiology looks after the behaviour and function of the plants by encompassing all the dynamic processes of plants like their growth, reproduction, communication, metabolism, etc.


Radiology is the study of detecting and treating diseases using image techniques such as x-rays, ultrasounds, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography, positron emission tomography, and so on.


Virology studies viruses. In this integrated field, the Virologist studies and understands the viruses by analysing their parameters of the viruses.


Zoology is the branch of biology that studies animal life in general. In this field, animals' classification, interaction, properties, and vital phenomena are studied.

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List of Biology Courses After 12th Except MBBS

Now, you must be familiar with the diversified specialisation you can consider in Biology. So now you can choose the suitable undergraduate courses after 12th science biology that meets your interest and career ambitions. Let's have a look at the courses after 12th science biology that you can pursue:

Bachelor of Pharmacy

Pharmacy in the field of medical science deals with the preparation and dispensing of medical drugs. Many students want to become pharmacists in the future. To begin with, after completing their 12th science class, students may enrol in a university for a B.Pharm degree. As an undergraduate, you may pursue a B. Pharm. degree and get a variety of positions in both the public and private sectors. Additionally, you have the option of establishing your own business from scratch. Thus, we can infer that the Bachelor of Pharmacy is among the finest courses after 12th science biology pursued by science students.

B.Sc Nursing

The nursing industry is an essential pillar of the medical or healthcare industry. In many government and private hospitals, there are jobs for nurses who work in critical care units. Nurses play an important role in the healthcare industry, from taking care of patients with any physical or mental illness to working with medical specialists. If you have the ability to help others, then you can also explore this field. By pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, you can start your career in this field. This course is one of the most sought courses after 12th science biology. In this course, you will be gaining practical as well as theoretical aspects of nursing. In order to make you capable, there is a 6-month internship in the final year, which helps you to understand the clinical research and experience at health centres. 

B.Sc Microbiology

If you are interested in studying and investigating microorganisms, you should think about pursuing a career in microbiology. Microbiology is a subject that examines the interactions of these organisms and contains several subfields such as virology, mycology, and so on. A BSc Microbiology undergraduate degree may also lead to pathological research, broadening one's horizons to explore subjects beyond microbiology. In this course, you will conduct research across several microbial organisms.

Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences

Veterinary Science is the branch of biology that deals with the medical aspects of animal anatomy. One who wishes to help animals by curing them mainly pursues a B.VSc course. B.VSc or Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences is one of the most popular courses after 12th science biology. This course is generally followed by biology students who have a genuine interest in gaining practical experience and want to try their hands in surgery. If you are also among the one who wants those students, you can enrol into the course. After becoming a Veterinarian, you can look for employment opportunities in the government as well as the private sector. 

BTech Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is the field of biotechnology that deals with the study of modifications, introduction, interaction and alteration of genetic materials. You can pursue the Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering if you want to explore the biological technology field. This field not only looks after biology but also studies in depth advanced technology. When it comes to conducting research in the genetic engineering field, various international firms fund the research projects and research both plants and animals.

B.Tech Food Technology

This science discipline deals with everything from the manufacture, processing, preservation, packing and labelling of products and services to the monitoring of their production and distribution. A bachelor's degree in food technology may lead to a career as a food technologist. Thanks to the advancements in this area, one may find a wide range of employment prospects in the food preservation and production industry.

Bachelors in Neuroscience (Hons)

Neuroscience is the area of science that deals with the structure or functioning of the human brain and nervous systems. Bachelor's in Neuroscience is a 3-4 year undergraduate degree that helps students know and understand the fundamentals and vital elements of neuroscience. The field mainly focuses on medicine and biotechnology. In addition, the students will also get to learn basic and applied knowledge in biology, psychology and general science. The course explains about cell biology, calculus, composition, organic biology, molecular biology, etc. 

BSc in Nutrition

Nutrition is one of the best medical courses for people who want to work in the field of medicine. Nutritionists are sometimes called upon to assist individuals in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You can get a degree in this field by taking a B.Sc in Nutrition course. In this course, you will get to the intricacies of nutrition and how nutrition and nourishment act as a provision by which necessary materials are given to cells and organisms. You can also go for higher studies by getting a Master's degree, PhD, or M.Phil degree.

Bachelors in Molecular Biology

In the Bachelor of Molecular Biology degree, students learn about cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics and genetics all at once. A molecular biologist is a scientist who studies the genetics of plants, animals, and humans in order to understand their variety, change, alteration, and connection. Geneticists primarily research plant, animal, and human genomes and DNA/RNA sequences in order to better understand the biology and genetics of various creatures.

BSc in Biochemistry

In this program, you will study biomolecules, what are the fundamental building blocks of living organisms, biochemistry and cell biology. This will help you discover and develop your interest in molecular life sciences. This will help you select the elective discipline that aligns with your interest. Hence after completing the BSc in Biochemistry, you will have impeccable employment opportunities in research and intensive care centres.

Bachelors in Molecular Bioengineering

Molecular Bioengineering looks at how we might change biological systems to solve problems in health and well-being. Through this course, you will learn how to combine a life scientist's scientific knowledge and lab skills with technical knowledge and problem-solving skills. During the 3 year programme, you will be learning the core modules of biochemistry, biochemical science, mathematics, bioengineering, etc. Thus, you can easily get a job in research, healthcare and medical sectors.

B.Tech Biotechnology

BTech Biotechnology is a four-year UG study that combines chemical engineering concepts with those of biological application. Applied biology and chemical engineering are combined in this subject, which focuses on the living environment. Students in the BTech Biotechnology programme have access to a dynamic curriculum that is constantly updated in response to the fast developments in the Biotechnology sector. After completing the programme, you can get a job position as a clinical researcher, medical representative, professional lab technician, etc., in the research and healthcare industry.

B.Sc in Biochemistry

This is a three-year course for students who want to learn about chemical and physio-chemical processes. If you want to learn more about living things and how chemistry can help you do that, then this is your field. Students who get a B.Sc. in Biochemistry will be able to look at more jobs in other areas, like dentistry, medicine, or veterinary medicine. They can work as clinical researchers, research scientists, teachers, or professors after getting their BSc in Biochemistry from a college or university.

Bachelors in Biomedical Science

It takes three years to acquire an undergraduate degree in biomedical sciences. The course focuses on the basic principles that regulate the functioning of the human body, the processes of illness, and the strategies to manage and treat diseases using sophisticated instruments and technology. In the course, you will study the essential aspects of biomedical science like organic chemistry, immunology, microbiology, pathology, biostatistics, etc. After completing the course, you can discover various prospects, including clinical researcher, clinical data analyst, biostatistics, research assistant, and scalable future position. 

Hence, we hope that this blog has guided you with different biology courses after 12th science except MBBS. The courses we have mentioned sound interesting; if you are interested in one of the listed courses, you can directly pursue that course and explore the specific field. If you are still confused about which biology course you should pursue, visit Brainwonders. The career counselling experts at Brainwonders will provide you with the proper assistance so that your ambitions can become your reality

FAQs on Careers in Biology Except for MBBS

Q.1 What are the career options available in medical science apart from MBBS?

Ans There are various career options available in medical science apart from MBBS

  1. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
  2. Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
  3. Bachelor of Homeopathy and Surgery
  4. Bachelor of Pharmacy
  5. Bachelor of Radiation and Technology
  6. Bachelor of Nursing
  7. Physiotherapy

Q.2 Which career option has the highest salary without MBBS?

Ans There are various career options that you can for without MBBS 

  1. Nursing
  2. Clinical research
  3. Biotechnology
  4. Biochemistry

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