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MBBS Full Form, Courses, Admission Process, Subjects, Fees, Career Options 2024

30 January,2024  |  By Brainwonders


MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is one of the top most degrees in the world. Therefore after completing it, the graduates are directly placed in health firms and hospitals as medical professionals, or they further pursue specialisation and become a surgeon in their respective fields of interest. 

This long journey depends on theoretical knowledge and the practical applications of everything the students study. The students are taught about various diseases, their causative agents, and the medicines that can cure them. 

The admissions to MBBS colleges in India are based on the NEET exam. And to be eligible for NEET Exam, the candidates must have at least 50% marks from PCB stream.

What is the full form of MBBS?

MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is derived from the Latin word Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chiriurigae. MBBS is a 5.5-year course in medicine which is chosen by candidates who are aspiring to become doctors in future.

MBBS Highlights:

Course Name Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Abbreviation  MBBS
Type Degree
Level  Undergraduate 
Field  Healthcare 
Eligibility 12th with physics, chemistry, and biology as Subjects
MBBS degree duration 5.5 years 
Average fee  INR 71k to INR 30 lakh
Average Salary INR 3.6 lakh to INR 10 lakh 
Career Opportunities Physician, Doctor, Endocrinologist, Pathologist, Neurologist, Cardiologist, Gynaecologist


  • MBBS offers job security with financial stability.
  • It helps the candidates to earn respect and serve better in society. 
  • Immense Options to choose from after MBBS for specialization.

Advantages of MBBS:

  • You can study the human body both internal and external structures.
  • Perfect job security even after the pandemic passes. 
  • Abundant job opportunities are present in the medicine field all over the globe.
  • You can also become a scientist and Research about deadly diseases and find out their cures.
  • MBBS offers various specialisation fields from which students can choose from. 
  • It gives an opportunity to technical nerds to have the latest technology at their fingertips with a biological touch on them. 
  • Abundant learning opportunities in the medicine field. 

MBBS Eligibility Criteria:

  • Minimum age requirement: 17 Years
  • The candidate must be in class 12th passed with physics, chemistry, and biology as Subjects.
  • General applicants should score at least 50% marks, though the minimum criteria may differ
  • Candidates must crack the medical exam, i.e. NEET conducted nationally, to have admission to a medical college.
  • The minimum aggregate for students from the reserved category is 40%
  • The maximum age limit is 25 years. 

MBBS Admission Process: 

  • Complete Class 12th with physics, chemistry, and biology as core subjects.
  • Please apply for the Neet exam and qualify for it.
  • Appear for the counselling session of the Neet exam and wait for the cutoffs.
  • If you are on the list of selected candidates, confirm your allotted seat by paying the college fees or appearing for the next counselling round. 
  • Admission in private medical colleges may also take place through the merit lists. 
  • Students must have passed their 12th from PCB stream, and they must meet the eligibility criteria set up by different universities to secure a seat in their desired college. 

MBBS Duration:

The duration of the MBBS program varies based on the geographical region in which students choose to undertake it. Those aspiring to pursue MBBS studies in India should be aware that the course typically spans five years, with an additional compulsory 6-month internship phase.

Why are Government Medical Colleges better?

  • Government Medical Colleges charge low fees.
  • Admissions are only possible after cracking the Neet exam, which makes them more worthy.
  • The quality of government Medical Colleges is far better than that of private medical colleges.
  • The professors in government medical colleges are knowledgeable and more experienced than the private medical college teachers.

Top Careers Options for MBBS:

Careers Average Salary
Internist, General ₹80,000-400,000
Neurologist ₹37,000-200,000
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Physician ₹40,000-85,000
Dentist ₹25,000-50,000
Anesthesiologist ₹16,000-40,000

Visit more top careers related to MBBS

Types of MBBS:

MBBS is basically divided into three types: 

Pre-Clinical Phase of MBBS Semesters: 1 to 2

Subjects Covered: 

  • Anatomy 
  • Biochemistry 
  • Physiology
Para-clinical Phase of MBBS Semesters: 3 to 5

Subjects covered: 

  • Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Pathology 
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology 
  • Clinical Postings inwards
  • OPDs begins here
Clinical Phase of MBBS Semesters: 6 to 9

Subjects Covered: 

  • Community Medicine
  • Medicine And allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology) 
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology 
  • Pediatrics

How many exams are there for MBBS? 

There is only one Medical entrance exam in India for admission to medical courses which is held once every year at national level, the National Eligibility cumulative Entrance Test (NEET). 

NEET Exam Details:

Factors in Exam Pattern Details 
Mode of NEET Question Paper  Pen and Paper-based
Duration of the NEET exam 3 hours and 20 minutes 
Language/Medium English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi, and Urdu
Question type Multiple Choice Questions 
Total Number of Questions  200 Questions out of which attempting 180 questions is mandatory.
Neet Marking Scheme 
  • 4 marks for every correct answer
  • One mark will be deducted for each wrong attempt
  • No marks for unanswered questions.

Top MBBS Colleges Cutoffs in India.

College  General Category Cutoff
AIIMS, New Delhi  53
Institute of Medical Sciences  63 - 481
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 3383 - 30521
JIPMER Puducherry 156
Grant Medical College,  Mumbai  170 - 568
King George's Medical University, Lucknow  88 - 496

MBBS Semester-wise Syllabus:

Semester 1 Semester 2
  • Fundamentals of Diseases and treatment
  • Introduction to medical practice I
  • Cell Biology
  • Locomotor system
  • Introduction to Embryology and Histology
  • Health and the Environment
  • Basic Haematology
  • Healthcare Concepts
  • Neuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
  • Respiratory system
Semester 3 Semester 4
  • General Pathology
  • Neoplasia
  • Hereditary Disorder
  • Environmental pathology
  • Nutrition disorders
  • Immunity
  • Systemic pathology
  • Haematology
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Alimentary system
  • Common symptoms and signs
Semester 5 Semester 6
  • Special pathology
  • Clinical pathology
  • General pathology
  • Growth disturbance and neoplasia
  • Immunopathology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology of communicable diseases
  • Epidemiology of non-communicable diseases
  • Reproductive and child health
Semester 7 Semester 8
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Nutrition disease
  • Geriatric disease
  • Diseases of the immune system, connective tissue and joints
  • Haematology and oncology
  • Endocrine disease
  • Metabolic and bone diseases
  • Nervous system
  • Emergency medicine and critical care
  • Brain death, organ donation, organ preservation
Semester 9

   Nervous system

  • Environmental disorders, poisoning and snake bites
  • Kidney disease
  • Emergency medicine and critical care

Medical Colleges and fee structure in India: 

Best Private Medical Colleges in India with fee structure:

  • Kasturba Medical College - INR 62.6 lakh
  • Shri Ramchandra Medical College and Research Institute - INR 22 lakh
  • Humdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research - INR 54.8 lakh
  • MS Ramiah Medical College - INR 5 lakh
  • Dayanand Medical College and hospital - 4.5 lakh
  • Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre - INR 1.14 crores
  • SRM Medical College Hospital and Research - INR 22.6 lakh
  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute - INR 96.6 lakh

Academic requirements for Overseas MBBS studies:

  • Candidates must complete their 12th from the PCB stream and acquire at least 50% marks in 10+2 exams.
  • They must qualify for the NEET exam, and the scores will be valid for three years. 
  • Students must have an eligibility certificate from the Medical Council of India during Admissions to foreign medical colleges.
  • Based on the English requirements of the university, students must also appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, or OET.
  • Students must be medically fit and healthy.

Medical Colleges Overseas with fee structure:

  • Pirogov Medical University - INR 4.63 lakh per annum
  • Brokenshire College School of Medicine - INR 2.8 lakh
  • Our Lady of Fatima University - INR 5 lakh
  • Central Philippine University - INR 1.64 lakh
  • University of Toronto - INR 2 crore 
  • David Tvildiani Medical University - INR 5.94 lakh
  • New Vision University - INR 4.9 lakh.

Career opportunities after MBBS:

Medical Officers:

Medical Officers are senior physicians who manage all aspects of patient care within their departments. They also oversee daily operations, serve as clinical advisors, and supervise clinical trials. 

Medical Surgeon:

The surgeon is responsible for the patient's preoperative diagnosis, performing the operation, and providing the patient with postoperative surgical care and treatment. The surgeon is also looked upon as the leader of the surgical team. 

General Physician:

General Physician is responsible for treating most common ailments such as tonsils, fever, cough, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, pneumonia, and lung fibrosis. 


Physicians are doctors who have earned medical degrees. They work to maintain, promote, and restore health by studying, diagnosing, and treating injuries and diseases. 


A paediatrician is a medical doctor who manages children's physical, behavioural, and mental care from birth until age 18. They do physical exams, recommend immunisations, and ensure that your child meets developmental milestones in growth, behaviour, and skills. 


Dieticians work with patients struggling to lose weight or need to improve their diet for other health-related reasons, such as managing diabetes. They design meal plans according to the patient's needs and challenges. 

Which Type of Doctor do you want to be? Are you considering two options and cannot come up with a conclusion? It is okay; no worries, we are here to help you. Visit Brainwonders and tell your queries to the right guide and find an instant solution to your problems. 

Difference between MBBS and MD:

Full form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery  Doctor of Medicine 
Course Duration  5.5 Years 3 Years
Entrance exam  NEET UG NEET PG, INI CET
  • Candidates need to complete their 10+2 with physics, chemistry, and biology.
  • They must also clarify the NEET exam.
Candidates must complete their MBBS course, one year of training, and qualify the NEET PG exam.
Course Focus General Study of medicine  Specialisation in medicine and surgery 

MBBS Specialisations:

  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine
  • Orthopaedics
  • Anesthesiology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Psychiatry
  • Paediatrics
  • Dermatology
  • ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat)

The scope of MBBS doctors is broad. We all know them during this covered ramp, and only doctors were the ones who were required over any other profession, and they were the only ones who did not lose their jobs during this crucial time. More were, the salaries of medical physicians are pretty lucrative. Students can become a specialist in the choice aligned with their interest, suggesting nephrologists, neurologists, cardiologists, and neuroscientists. They can find jobs easily not only in India but also in overseas countries with high packages. 

MBBS Job Prospects and Salaries offered:

  • Medical Surgeon - INR 10 lakh
  • Dietician - INR 5 lakh
  • Physician - INR 6 lakh
  • Pediatrician - INR 5.4 lakh
  • Medical Officer - INR 7 lakh
  • Medical Coder - INR 4 lakh 

MBBS Government Jobs:

  • Candidates are employed in Indian Railways on a permanent or contract basis. The average salary is 9.5 lakh.
  • The medical graduates are also called to serve in the Indian army. The average salary offered is INR 9.7 lakh to INR 13.2 lakh. 

We hope that this article helps you to know everything about MBBS. In case of some remaining doubts, you can always contact us and let us know about your problems and challenges, and we from Brainwonders will make sure that you will face each hurdle easily and move towards your successful future. It might be a bit difficult to select a medical college out of hundreds of best colleges present out there. But it is not impossible to find the college you desire. Prepare well for NEET exam, Score high, Have Career guidance with Brainwonders, and get selected in your desired college.

FAQs about MBBS full form

Q1. What is the full form of MBBS?

Ans: MBBS stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.

Q2. On an average how many hours do MBBS students typically study

Ans: A MBBS student  typically studies for about 6 hours a day. This is because the MBBS syllabus has quite a bit of topics to cover.

Q3. What is the average salary of MBBS?

Ans: The average salary of MBBS is INR 56,000 per month.

Q4. What is the duration to complete MBBS?

Ans: The duration of the MBBS program is 5.5 years. 

Q5. Is MBBS difficult to pass?

Ans: Yes, the difficulty of the MBBS program varies from person to person, But the MBBS program is a little bit long, so you have to be consistent and study properly to pass the MBBS Program.

Q6. What is the full form of mbbs and ms in medical?

Ans: The full form of MBBS is Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery and MS full form is Master of Surgery in Medical Field.

Are you aware which subjects and courses will bring you closer to your dream career?

Worry not, because the Brainwonders test and guidance will not only help you know it, but also follow it!


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