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What is Biology: Why You Should Choose A Career in Biology

01 May,2023  |  By Brainwonders

career in biology

What is Biology?

Biology is the scientific study of life and living organisms, including their structure, growth, function, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. It is a vast field encompassing many branches and subdisciplines, such as biochemistry, genetics, ecology, embryology, physiology, systematics, and more. In short, biology is the science of life.

Biology includes all aspects of life, from the smallest microorganisms to the largest animals. It also studies plants, fungi, and even some unicellular organisms. At its core, it focuses on understanding how these organisms interact with each other and their natural environment.

Students gain a better appreciation and understanding of the world around them by studying biology. They learn how living things adapt to their surroundings and evolve over time. They also develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills that can be applied to other fields of knowledge. Ultimately, taking a course in biology can lead to a greater understanding of our planet and all its inhabitants.

And if you are a student looking for the best biology after 12th? Then, in this blog, we have compiled the most up-to-date information on post-secondary biology courses. Whether you're interested in studying medicine, zoology, biochemistry or botany, we can help you find the perfect approach that will set you up for a successful future in biology.

Let's have a look at the idea of biology.

Biology is all about understanding the inner workings of living creatures. We can explore evolution, structure, and function to gain a better understanding of our world. With technology advancing so quickly, we have access to more data than ever before, allowing us to learn even more about the wonders of the natural world. Everything that has ever been alive on this planet can be studied under the umbrella of biology.

Many jobs in biology concentrate on specific aspects rather than trying to cover every aspect of the discipline. The field encompasses a wide range of divisions and sub-disciplines, but for now let's focus on some of the more well-known branches of biology. A job in biology could help you delve deeper into this incredible subject. To get an idea of the multitude of things that fall under the heading of biology, take a look at the following graphic.

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Biology is divided into many divisions for convenience of study, however, all of the subcategories are related by basic principles. Thus, although it is customary to divide the study of plants (botany) from the study of animals (zoology), and the study of organisms' structure (morphology) from their activity (physiology), all living things have key biological processes in common, such as multiple modes of reproduction, cell division, and genetic material transfer.

Biology, as a discipline, assists us in comprehending the living world and the many species (including humans) that operate, develop, and interact. People's quality of life has increased as a result of advances in medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, and a range of other biological domains. Genetics and evolution study provides insight into the past and may help influence the future, while ecology and conservation research informs how we can conserve the planet's valuable biodiversity.

Why study Biology? 


  • Biology provides insight into the workings of the natural world, which is necessary for addressing global challenges such as climate change
  • Knowing more about biology can open up a wide range of possible career paths in fields including medicine, ecology, and zoology
  • Studying biology can help us appreciate the beauty, complexity, and interconnectedness of life
  • Understanding biology enables you to appreciate its significance in resolving social problems

Career Paths In Biology 

Biology occupations may lead you to research living creatures to help build biological knowledge and awareness of living processes for a variety of diverse reasons, including treatment of sickness and preserving the natural environment.

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A wide variety of career options abound in the discipline of biology, which is itself a huge ocean of possibilities. To produce anything out of biology, one has to have their fundamentals clear. This implies one has to take science with the specification of Biology in their 10+2 schooling.

Educational Requirement for Biology:

A career in Biology requires a bachelor's degree in any field related to Biology. You can pursue the following courses for having a prosperous career in biology:

  • Diploma in Biomedical sciences
  • Diploma courses in life sciences
  • Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Sciences
  • Bachelor of Science in biology
  • Bachelor of science in life sciences
  • Master of Science in Biomedical sciences
  • Master of Science in biology
  • Master of Science in Biological Sciences
  • Master of Science in veterinary medicine
  • PG Diploma in Biomedical Sciences
  • Doctorate in Biomedical Sciences
  • Doctorate in Plant Molecular Biology

Different Specialisation Fields:


  • Ecology
  • Cryobiology
  • Astrobiology
  • Ornithology
  • Neurobiology
  • Parasitology
  • Molecular biology
  • Socio-biology

Biomedical Sciences:

  • Bacteriology
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Histology
  • Histopathology
  • Medical biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Transfusion science
  • Medical microbiology 

Life Sciences:

  • Biodynamics
  • Neuroinformatics
  • Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Evolutionary Genetics
  • Developmental biology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience 

Fee Structure for Biology Courses:

Average Fees for UG Biology Course: INR 30k to INR 6 lakh.

Average Fees for PG Biology Course: INR 1 lakh to INR 5 lakh.

Average Fees for International Universities: INR 10 lakh to INR 40 lakh.

Top Colleges in India for Biology Courses:

  • St Stephen's College
  • Loyola College
  • St Xavier University
  • Christ College
  • Ramjas College
  • Madras Christian College
  • Miranda House
  • Hansraj College
  • Fergusson College
  • Hindu College 

Top International Colleges for Biology Courses:

  • Harvard University
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Oxford
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Stanford University
  • California Institute of Technology
  • The University of California
  • Yale University
  • National University of Singapore

The following is a list of both traditional and cutting-edge choices for a career in biology:

Doctor as a career in biology

The first choice that comes to anyone's mind when you speak biology is that of a doctor. For someone with a degree in biology, being a doctor is the ideal career path. MBBS is the essential degree to obtain after class 12 to become a doctor. Further, depending on the interests, one might take a postgraduate degree to become a specialist.

Biologist as a career in biology

Biologists are scientists who specialize in the study of living organisms. They focus on examining creatures in their natural environment, from plants to animals. Through the understanding of these species, biologists have made contributions to the fields of botany, zoology, and microbiology. Conservation efforts around zoos, parks, and sanctuaries depend greatly on the expertise of biologists. Aspiring biologists must earn an undergraduate and graduate degree in fields like Botany, Zoology, or Microbiology before they can begin practising professionally.

Engineer Specialized in Biomedical Devices as a career in biology:

Biomedical engineers create solutions to medical issues by developing equipment or artificial organs to be used in the body. A degree in Biomedical Engineering is required of a biomedical engineer, and they often obtain this with a four-year undergraduate degree and further postgraduate studies. They typically pursue careers in government or commercial businesses, either in research or manufacturing.

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Environmental Scientist as a career in biology:

Environmental scientists study the environment in the interest of plants, animals and the living creatures that form them to identify solutions to preserve them. They research pollution and other issues that are detrimental to the well-being of the environment t control them by proposing remedies and eco-friendly ways. After earning a bachelor's degree in environmental science, pursuing a master's or doctoral degree in the field may assist further your career as an environmental scientist.

Food Scientist as a career  in biology

Researchers in the field of food science conduct investigations to better understand how food is processed and how to keep it safe for consumption. Students may get a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Food Science and Technology as an undergraduate degree. Food scientists are employed in agencies such as FSAI (Food Safety Authority of India) and ISI (Indian Standards Institute) (Indian Standards Institute).

Microbiologist as a career in biology:

When it comes to creating vaccines and other treatments that benefit human health, microbiologists do just that: they study bacteria. A bachelor's degree will help you start your academic path in the subject. If you want to work as a professional microbiologist, you'll likely require a doctorate.

Nurse as a career in biology

Nurses serve as first responders for patients in need of medical assistance because of their immediate availability and short response times. As well as assisting physicians, paramedics play an important role in the healthcare system. A nursing profession requires a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BScN) degree.

A biology degree will provide you with numerous transferable abilities that are sought-after in the job, whether that position is within a scientific area or not.

Below is a list of some of the less typical occupations you may pursue with a biology degree.

Biotechnology as a career in biology:

To put it another way, the field of biotechnology uses scientific concepts to create and improve products in a wide range of industries including consumer goods, technology, as well as business and manufacturing. Focuses are generally within agriculture, food science and medicine, where biotechnologists might be engaged in genetic engineering, medication development and advancing medical technologies such as nanotechnology.

Forensic Sciences as a career in biology:

As a forensic scientist, you’ll be working inside the legal sector, alongside police departments or law enforcement organisations, to examine and analyse evidence acquired in criminal investigations. Many forensic scientists specialise in certain areas such as forensic odontology (dental evidence), forensic anthropology (the investigation human of decomposition), crime scene inspection and medical examiner responsibilities (requiring more education) (requiring further study).

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Government policy-making as a Career in biology:

Biology professions in government will require working closely with government officials and policymakers to advise on and produce new laws for emerging areas such as biomedical research and environmental control. Your duty will be to guarantee that reforms to the legal system are implemented based on good research. You may work at the regional or national level as a political adviser for scientific organisations and agencies or not-for-profit businesses. You may also function as a representative for a political body or organisation.

Entrepreneurship In Biology:

An enormously lucrative business, pharmaceuticals depend heavily on biologists to conduct research, create new drugs, and get them ready for the market. Other commercial businesses where biologists may find work include scientific services firms, marketing, sales and public relations.

Publication and distribution of information as a career in biology

Last but not least, what can you do with a degree in biology if you're also interested in the media? You may be shocked to learn that media and journalism professions with a biology degree are very wide-ranging as well. Your biology degree may help you break into the publishing or journalism sector as a science writer or work on a scientific publication such as a journal, magazine, website, TV show or film. You'll be able to help the general public learn more about current biological concerns if you take on one of these positions.

Research as a career in Biology:

If you're passionate about learning and discovery, research or education could be the perfect fit for you. Doing research at universities or labs requires a strong background in the chosen field and is an excellent way to stay up-to-date on the latest developments. If your interest lies in biology, a career in this discipline could provide stimulating and fulfilling work. With the right education and training, you can become a knowledgeable professional and contribute to advances in our understanding of the world around us.

Other Top Careers from Biology:

Taxonomy Pharmacology  Food Safety
Morphology Pisciculture Plant Physiology 
Anatomy Ecology Structural Biology
Histology  Evolution  Theoretical Biology
Cytology  Marine Biology  Genetic Counsellors
Biochemistry Molecular Biology  Epidemiologist
Biotechnology  Mycology  Paleontology
Botany  Parasitology  Astrobiology
Biophysics Photobiology Ethology and Toxicology
Bioinformatics  Pathology and Agroforestry Pharmacognosy 

Best Career Options and Placement Areas from Biology:

  • Agricultural Research Service
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Botanical Gardens
  • Broadcast Companies
  • Clinical Research Organisations
  • Conservatories
  • Farm Management Organisations
  • Fermentation Industries
  • Fertilisers and Chemical Plants
  • Herbal Product Companies
  • Plant Genetics Research Centre
  • Scientific and Medical Equipment Suppliers
  • Medical Research
  • Medical Laboratories
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Seed and Nursery Companies
  • Wildlife and Fishery Department 
  • Environmental Management and Conservation 

Job Prospects:

  • Botanist
  • Agriculturalist
  • Biology Content Developer
  • Biology Researcher
  • Biology Technician
  • Horticulturist
  • Geneticist
  • Laboratory Technician
  • Mycologist
  • Museum Educator
  • Nursery Manager
  • Plant Biochemist
  • Plant explorer
  • Plant Researcher
  • Science Advisor
  • Conservationist


Today, there are many course possibilities for both learning and research in the field of biology, and we could only cover a portion of the rising number of options in Biology in this post. To begin, discover your interests by reading the course descriptions, and then determine which topic of study you want to pursue. If you are yet confused bout what subfields to choose, take the Brainwonders Aptitude interest test and the personality test to find out what career will be best suited for you. Brainwonders also provides a one-to-one career counselling session that will help you to understand yourself and take a firm decision regarding your career.

FAQs about Biology

Q1. What kind of career opportunities are available in Biology in India?
Ans: Biology is a vast and growing field, so there are many career opportunities available. These include research scientist positions, academic teaching jobs at universities, private sector work such as biotechnology or pharmaceuticals, and healthcare roles in fields such as medicine and nursing.

Q2. What qualifications do I need to work in the field of Biology in India?
Ans: Depending on the role you are pursuing, qualifications may vary. Generally speaking, most positions will require a degree in Biology or a related field. Higher level positions may also require postgraduate qualifications or specialized skills and experience. 

Q3. Are there any certification or licensing requirements to work in the field of Biology in India?
Ans: Yes, depending on the specific role that you pursue. For example, if you are looking to become a medical doctor or a nurse, then you must be licensed by the respective regulatory bodies in your state. 

Q4. Is the demand for professionals in the field of Biology growing in India?
Ans: Yes, the demand for qualified professionals in the field of Biology is growing steadily. In fact, it is expected that career opportunities in this field will continue to increase over time as advances in technology and healthcare open up new possibilities for research and development. 

Q5. What kind of salaries can I expect from working in the field of Biology in India?
Ans. Salaries vary based on the type of job you pursue, your qualifications and experience, and the location where you work. Typically, entry-level positions may offer starting salaries of around ₹25,000-30,000 per month, while more experienced professionals can expect higher salaries ranging from ₹50,000-60,000 per month or more.

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