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06 June,2022 | By Brainwonders
Are you interested in the medical field and want to know how laboratory testing and forensic reports are found and how criminal investigations are done? Then forensic science is the best field for you.
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This post will help you provide the exact information about the forensic field and how you can start a career in this field. So keep reading this blog if you want to know the eligibility, courses, scope, prospects, salary and job opportunities available in forensic science.
Forensic Science is the branch of science in the field of criminal investigation. Therefore, forensic science is also known as criminalistics. Often in criminal investigations, the forensic department is always there to do the investigation regarding certain cases. The experiments they carry out are tried and tested in the laboratories, and criminal procedures are undertaken to solve the case. Thus, forensic science is a broad field which includes fingerprint analysis, firearms examinations, DNA analysis, serology, toxicology, entomology, anthropology, odontology, pathology, paint and glass analysis, ballistics, digital audio, video analysis, etc.
Following are the skills required, if you want to work in forensic science field:
The minimum eligibility criteria to enrol into the forensic science undergraduate degree programme after class 12th is that the candidate must have passed 12th from a recognised university with at least 50% marks. The students have to complete their 12th in science background with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology), then only they are eligible to get admission into the forensic science colleges.
Students who have met these two basic eligibility criteria can apply for any forensic science course offered as an undergraduate programme. Students who want to study in this profession must review all key admissions requirements established by the college or university.
Many colleges or universities conduct entrance examinations in order to provide admission. Majorly the university conducts entrance exams for only undergraduate forensic courses. Some institutes also conduct entrance exam forensic diploma courses. Students must pass a specific entrance examination to gain admission to forensic science colleges. There are various types of examinations that are held.
Listed below is the list of specialisations available in Forensic Science:
Forensic Botany, also known as plant forensics, is the field of science in which the plants are used in forensics. This includes investigating plants' fungal parts, seeds, leaves, etc.
It is a branch of forensic science that deals with identifying and characterising biological and evidentiary samples such as blood, saliva, sweat, and other bodily fluids.
Digital forensics is a branch of forensic science concerned with detecting, obtaining, processing, analysing, and reporting on electronically stored data.
Mobile forensics is concerned with retrieving digital evidence or pertinent data from a mobile device in a way that keeps the evidence forensically sound.
It is a technology field that uses integrated investigative techniques to identify and store information or evidence from the computer device.
Forensic investigation is a part of criminology. Assessment and monitoring of crime areas are done to find out the culprit.
Forensic chemistry is carried out for investigation purposes to solve complex crimes.
Forensic entomology studies arthropods, particularly insects, as they relate to crimes and other parts of the legal system.
Forensic toxicology deals with analysing biological samples for the presence of toxins, including drugs.
There are numerous courses available under the umbrella of forensic science. With all of the different methods and types of tests used, the work of forensic scientists has resulted in the development of numerous different subjects and thus courses. We have mentioned the list of diploma, undergraduate, postgraduate, doctorate and certificate courses which comes under forensic science. Let's have a look:
Here are the top forensic science universities that exist in India:
Forensic Sciences include Psychiatry, Psychology, Pathology, Odontology, Forensic Medicine, and many more disciplines. Subjects in Forensic Science include:
There are several job prospects available in forensic science, which will help you bring various employment opportunities. The following is the list of major positions for students who will be completing the forensic course after 12th:
The salary of a forensic science course after 12th in India differs from one prospect to another. An entry level fresher in the field of forensic science finds employment in the private or government sector. The freshers in the private sector earn between 3 to 4 LPA. On the other hand, the experienced individual in forensic science can make up to 6 LPA. Forensic Science sectors in India pay well in the government sector as well. The freshers salary in the government sector starts at around 50,000 to 1 LPA, and it increases as per the rising experience.
We have included all of the information regarding the courses to which you can apply following the 12th. Forensic science is a job for those who have a keen mind and the capacity to learn even the most little details during their studies. It would be a fantastic alternative for forensic science if applicants could look at and evaluate even the smallest details of a case. Anyone interested might check the list mentioned earlier of forensic Science courses after 12th.
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