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How to Become a Doctor in India – A Comprehensive Route to Success

23 April,2023  |  By Brainwonders

how to become a doctor

Do you want to pursue your career by wishing to become a successful doctor? How can one become a doctor? How many years to become a doctor in India? Are you struggling to figure out how to become a doctor in India? Are you planning to pursue a doctorate by studying abroad? What is all training required? Are you trying to find career opportunities in this profession? These are all the questions that might be haunting you, but you don't have to worry; by going through this blog, you will figure out all your answers.

This phenomenal guide will take you through all the essential aspects of becoming a doctor and guide you about all the necessary steps you should take before planning your career in becoming a doctor.

Now the 12th Board results are out; they are the stepping stone of your school education and a turning point in your journey to a successful career. As a result, Brainwonders introduces the highly anticipated Marks2Career Test Platform, which includes extensively researched AI-driven results. Through the Marks2Career Platform one can easily identify which courses to pursue after the 12th. To learn more, click on the following link: 

This Blog Includes:

  • How to become a Doctor in India? 
  • Basic Study Path to Become an MBBS and Then a Super Specialist Doctor or Surgeon
  • How to become a Doctor in India: 6 Study Routes
  • How to become a Doctor in India after Studying in other countries?
  • About FMGE Examination
  • How to become a Doctor? 4 places to go to study MBBS in another country with the best Universities
  • Salary Overview of Doctors in India

The pre-nominal letters "Dr." can be earned after MBBS, BDS (Dentistry), BAMS (Ayurveda), BHMS (Homoeopathy), BSMS (Siddha), and BUMS (Unani), as well as a PhD that you might want to earn after getting a Master's degree in almost any field of Medical study. This post only talks about medicine.

How to become a Doctor in India? 

Step 1: Figure out whether do you love Biology.

This is one of the initial and crucial Step for becoming a doctor. First, ask yourself whether you love biology? Did you love to examine human cells, tissues, organs, etc.? If you have a deeper chain of interest in biology, you have a clear idea about medical career options.

Step 2: Find out whether you have the potential.

Figuring out your possible means whether you have the capability or ability to become a doctor. You can merely examine your potential by taking the Career Assessment Aptitude test or Interest Aptitude Test. At Brainwonders, we assure you to make the right decision about your career. Through career assessment, you can discover whether your skills, abilities and personality are relevant to becoming a doctor.

Step 3: Take Science & Mathematics subjects in school

In India, upper primary (6 to 8th class) and secondary school (9th & 10th class) science subjects are already academic. If you love science and maths subjects, then its fine but you are average among these subjects you need to make sure that you should focus on improving these subjects. In secondary school, science subject basics are mentioned, which will help in science 11th & 12th class.

Step 4: Select Science background subject in 11th & 12th class

Of course, this doesn't need to be said. You'll need to keep Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in classes 11 and 12 for the next two years. This is a must! Additional subjects must be chosen carefully to keep the load down. If you don't want to take secondary language classes at your school, you can choose not to.

Step 5: Apply for the relevant entrance exams after the 12th board.

Every student wishes to get admission into prestigious medical institutes. So the students are required to crack the NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). So you also dream of getting admission among the top medical universities; you need to crack the NEET exam with an excellent score.

NEET is the only centralized national level exam for MBBS, BDS (Dental Sciences) and alternative medicine graduate-level courses. With effect from the academic year 2020, admission to AIIMS (New Delhi), MBBS programmes at AFMC (Pune), JIPMER (Pondicherry), and all other medical INIs (Institutes of National Importance) would also be made through NEET.

Top Courses for Becoming a Doctor

Courses Fees
B.Sc Allied Health Sciences ₹ 30000-100000/Year
B.Sc Emergency Medicine Technology ₹ 25000-200000/Year
BAMS(Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery ) ₹ 10000-200000/Year
BHMS(Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) ₹ 200000-300000/Year

Basic Study Path to Become an MBBS and Then a Super Specialist Doctor or Surgeon

Step 1: Class 10th with Science and Maths subjects 

We have already discussed why science and maths are beneficial for the 10th class.

Step 2: Class 11-12th Science with BiPC (Biology, Physics, and Chemistry) subjects

To become a doctor, you need to have the right information about the fundamentals of science subjects, which also play a prominent role in preparation for the NEET exam.

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Step 3: MBBS

After you are done with steps 1 & 2, step 3 is a popular alternative to obtain the MBBS degree. There are also other options apart from MBBS like:

  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BSMS (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine & Surgery)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine, & Surgery)
  • BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)

You will become a doctor after pursuing a 5.5 year-long graduation degree. Nowadays, the competition is steep at an augmenting rate, so you need to train yourself in some super speciality. The next step elaborates on you specializing in a specific area of interest.

Step 4: Junior Residency (MS/MD/DNB) 

This StepStep is about going for postgraduate medical education. This can be done in two ways: Diploma or Master's Degree.

  1. A diploma will be of 2 years after MBBS.
  2. PGMedical education is of 3-year duration degree courses of MS(Master of Surgery)/MD (Medicine Doctor) after MBBS.
  3. Instead of MS/MD, which you pursue in government hospitals, you can opt for DNS (Diplomate of National Board), which you will pursue in private hospitals.

Step 5: Senior Residency (DM/M Ch/ FNB)

  1. DM and M Ch degrees follow MD and MS. Doctors have DM, and surgeons have M Ch. Super-specialties are subjects at this level. This StepStep is not possible after MBBS.
  2. If you did DNB following MBBS, you could do super-speciality training through "FNB" (Fellow of National Board). FNB is DM/M Ch.
  3. By the time you finish your DM, MCh or FNB, you will have had at least 8 years of practice, first as a junior resident (3 years during your MD/MS or DNB), then as a senior resident (3 years during DM/MCh/FNB) and 1 year between your MBBS and MD/MS or DNB.

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How to become a Doctor in India: 6 Study Routes

Education Route 1:

Education Route 1

Education Route 2:

Education Route 2

Education Route 3:

Education Route 3

Education Route 4:

Education Route 4

Education Route 5:

Education Route 5

Education Route 6:

Education Route 6


How to become a Doctor in India after Studying in other countries

There are many foreign countries through which you can pursue your doctorate. While starting your practising clinic, Doctors Training is essential. Many doctors are practising in India after studying abroad. 

China, USA, UK, Italy, Germany, Russian Federation, Poland, Philippines, Pakistan, Nigeria, Nepal, Latvia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Georgia A country can have 500 colleges.

In any case, if you wish to enrol in an undergraduate medical programme abroad, you must apply for an Eligibility Certificate from the Medical Council of India.

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About FMGE Examination

The Foreign Medical Graduate Examination is a screening exam conducted by the National Board of Examination for Indians who pursued and graduated with an MBBS degree in an International Educational Institution. FMGE test has been performed to qualify and persuade a valid license for medical graduates willing to practice medicine anywhere across India legally. The screening test is mandatory for all foreign UG and PG medical students, and they have to clear it; then, only they are administered to start their practice in India.

How to become a Doctor? 4 places to go to study MBBS in another country with the best Universities


Russia is one of the most popular hubs for medical education in Europe because of its standard of living and technology provided by Russian Universities. Some good medical colleges in Russia like Mordovia State University, Northern State University, and Siberian State Medical University.


Pursuing your MBBS degree from the most reputed medical institutions across Germany. Popular medical educational institutions are the University of Munster, University of Witten, and Lubeck Medical University.


Ukraine is an affordable one-stop destination for Indian students pursuing their MBBS degrees. Odessa National University, Bukovinian State Medical University, and Donetsk National Medical University are top medical colleges in Ukraine.


If you want to study medicine in the Philippines, you should do that. However, if you want to get an MBBS degree, you can cheap go to the Philippines Medical University. Some of the best schools are Our Lady of Fatima University, the AMA School of Medicine in Manila, and the University of Perpetual Help.

Recommended Read:

Salary Overview of Doctors in India

  • After completing the MBBS degree, you may expect a salary between 50000 to 90000 per month in government Hospitals. Doctors Training is essential if you want to earn the maximum amount.
  • You can expect to make between Rs for the first few months after you finish your postgraduate medical education. 110,000 and Rs. 130,000 a month at a government hospital.
  • It all depends on your qualifications and experience and any extra certifications you have. You could get up to Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 2,00,000.
  • As a Consultant Surgeon with an MS or higher degree, you may earn more money based on how many surgeries you do in a month.
  • Most of the time, it takes at least 10 years to finish a DM / MCh. There are many jobs after you get your DM or MCh. You can make between Rs. 2,00,000 and Rs. 3,00,000.
  • At some point after getting your DM or MCh, you'll be making about Rs. 3,00,000 to 5,00,000 per month.
  • With about 15-20 years of experience after completing your DM/MCh, you will be making about Rs. 2, 50, 000 to Rs. 12, 00, 000.


Finally, you must have a clear idea of how much duration, eligibility, and education criteria it takes to become a Doctor in India. You can also go for foreign medical studies depending on your requirements. However, if you want to practice and start your clinic, you need to appear for the FMGE test and clear the exam. 

If still, you are stuck at a point where you are in a dilemma about pursuing your career in the medical field, then visit Brainwonders for proper career counselling. You can poke us and get all your doubts cleared within a fraction of a minute. Our career counsellors will help you at each StepStep decide your career path. With accurate career guidance, you will be clear of all your doubts regarding how to become a doctor, how much it will cost you to become a doctor, how many years of doctor's training is required, or any other questions you may have. So get in touch with us right now.

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Frequently asked questions about How To Become A Doctor In India.

Q.1) How hard is it to get into MBBS?
Ans: With thousands of applicants going for a limited number of spots, it can be hard to stand out and get accepted. The admissions process involves rigorous exams, an intensive interview, and a series of references from qualified doctors. Those who make it through the selection process must then prove their academic excellence by achieving high scores on the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET), one of the toughest exams in the country. Even with all these hurdles, preparing, practising, and staying motivated throughout the process is the best way to increase your chances of getting accepted.

Q.2) What are the benefits of becoming a Doctor?
Ans: As a doctor, you have the power to make a difference in people's lives truly. You can provide healing and comfort for those in pain, advise and guide those who need it, and help your community stay healthy. You will also have access to many career opportunities, allowing you to specialize and do something you truly love. And, of course, doctors often enjoy much higher salaries than most other professions.
But becoming a doctor is not only about the tangible benefits. The intangible rewards – like the satisfaction from helping others and knowing that your work makes a real difference – are priceless.

Q.3) How many years does it take for an individual to become a doctor in India?
Ans: 5 and ½ years (which includes 1 year of internship).

Q.4) How many years for md after mbbs?
Ans:After completing MBBS, you only need 3 Years to complete an MD Course.

Q.4) What is the salary of super specialist doctor in india?
Ans:The average salary of super specialist doctor between ₹ 0.7 Lakhs to ₹ 18.0 Lakhs in India.

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