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How to Get into IIT: A-Z Full Guide 2023

09 May,2023  |  By Brainwonders

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Admission into IIT- stepwise guidance

Indian Institute of Technology is one of India's most renowned educational institutions. The first IIT institution was established in 1950, and since then, they have created history in the field of technology. The Ministry of Education manages it, Government of India, governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961. IIT is known for its glorious past and promising future. It provides the best resources for students to learn, innovate and invent. Hence admission into IIT is like a dream come through.

How to get into IIT is one of the common questions asked by the students who want to get into an IIT Institute for completing the engineering programmes. We have answered how to get into IIT in detail so don’t miss out on any step.

IIT institutes in India

  • IIT Kharagpur -West Bengal
  • IIT Bombay- Maharashtra
  • IIT Madras- Tamil Nadu
  • IIT Kanpur- Uttar Pradesh
  • IIT Delhi- Delhi
  • IIT Guwahati- Assam
  • IIT Roorkee- Uttarakhand
  • IIT Ropar- Punjab
  • IIT Bhubaneswar- Odisha
  • IIT Gandhinagar- Gujarat
  • IIT Hyderabad- Telangana
  • IIT Jodhpur- Rajasthan
  • IIT Patna- Bihar
  • IIT Indore- Madhya Pradesh
  • IIT Mandi- Himachal Pradesh
  • IIT (BHU) Varanasi- Uttar Pradesh
  • IIT Palakkad- Kerala
  • IIT Tirupati- Andhra Pradesh
  • IIT Dhanbad- Jharkhand
  • IIT Bhilai- Chhattisgarh
  • IIT Dharwad- Karnataka
  • IIT Jammu- Jammu and Kashmir
  • IIT Goa- Goa

IIT institutes are known for their infrastructure, electronic libraries, innovative tech festivals, and highly passionate and resourceful teaching faculty. The first IIT institute at Kharagpur was inaugurated in 1950, while the latest ones at Goa Bhilai, Dharwad and Jammu were established in 2016. So if you are thinking of shortlisting the best colleges for engineering, IIT should top the list. 

Why IIT is important?


Quality Education: IITs are known for providing high-quality education in engineering, science, and many other fields. Their rigorous academic programs and world-class faculty ensure that students get a good start in their chosen areas.

Technical Skills: Students who finish IITs have excellent technical skills and the ability to solve problems. These graduates become skilled professionals who work in a wide range of businesses and sectors and help move technology forward.

Study and Innovation: IITs are at the forefront of study and new ideas. They make big contributions to scientific, engineering, and technological progress by doing cutting-edge studies in many fields. This encourages new ideas and pushes the limits of what we know.

IITs are known worldwide for how well they teach, how much study they do, and how good their graduates are. This recognition brings India into partnerships with leading schools worldwide and improves India's reputation worldwide.

Entrepreneurship: IITs are key in encouraging people to start their businesses. IIT campuses have been home to many successful startups, which shows how the colleges help promote innovation and support aspiring entrepreneurs.

Contribution to Society: Graduates of IITs work in education, business, government, and non-profit organizations, among other places. These people work to solve important problems and make the world a better place.

Infrastructure and Facilities: IITs have state-of-the-art buildings, labs, libraries, and other facilities that help with academic and study work. This setting helps people learn and get better at everything.

Opportunities for jobs: Employers want IIT graduates because they have great technical skills and can solve problems. This opens up a lot of job possibilities both in the United States and around the world.

Effects on Education: IITs set high academic standards that affect India's education system. Their success inspires other schools to try harder, raising the bar for education nationwide.

National Development: IITs add to national development by creating a skilled workforce that drives economic growth, innovation, and technological advances. Their graduates work in infrastructure, healthcare, transportation, and other important fields.

Top careers for IIT

Careers Average Salary
Computer Programmer ₹17,000-83,000
Data Scientist/Data Analyst ₹25,000-48,000
Software Developer, Applications ₹30,000-60,000
Web Developer ₹12,000-50,000
Leader ₹17,000-41,000
Personal Financial Advisor ₹20,000-37,000

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Let us quickly have a look at the courses offered at IIT:

Undergraduate programmes at IIT:

Bachelor of Technology (Btech) - Most popular Engineering streams offered in IIT are:

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering & Materials Science
  • Computer Science & Engineering
  • Engineering Physics 

Postgraduate programmes at IIT 

  • Master of Technology (MTech), 
  • Master of Business Administration (MBA)  
  • Master of Science (MSc). 
  • Master of Design (M.Des.), 
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Information Technology (PGDIT)
  • Master in Medical Science and Technology (MMST)
  • Master of City Planning (MCP)
  • Master of Arts (MA)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual property Law (PGDIPL)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operation & Management (PGDMOM). 

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Dual Degree and integrated courses (BTech + Mtech)

Doctorate programmes

IIT offers a plethora of options and opportunities for students. They profoundly support innovation and inventions. This is very evident in the alumni family deeply associated with IIT. So, students, it's very apparent that admission into the IIT will be backbreaking.

It will require immense hard work, determination, and strategic and aggressive preparation. So let us understand How to get admission to IIT.

The stepwise process to get into IIT:

Step 1 - Cracking JEE Mains

Jee mains

JEE mains is a national Entrance test that forms the basis for admission to IIT. A student has to pass 12th with a minimum of 75% marks with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as his core subjects. It is a Computer-based Test with 90 questions. Out of this, a student has to attempt 75 questions. 

JEE Mains is conducted 4 times a year. So the best score out of your 4 attempts will be considered for the next level of exams. Remember, you can appear for JEE for 3 years after passing 12th.

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If you are aiming for admission in the engineering courses, you will have to give only one Computer-based Test based on PCM, but if you are aiming for architecture, you have to appear for 3 papers. Two of them are online, and one is an offline test to evaluate your drawing skills.

Once you clear the JEE Mains with the minimum cutoff criteria, you are eligible for Step 2.

The cutoff varies every year depending on the number of students appearing and the difficulty level. After attaining the minimum cutoff in JEE Mains, prepare for Step 2

Step 2 - Cracking JEE Advanced:

Jee Advance

JEE Advanced is again a computer-based test conducted by the zonal coordinators of IIT. The Joint Admission Board further regulates it. Here, the student has to take up 2 papers based on PCM. It is a 3-hour test, and a student can attempt it only twice. JEE Advanced assesses the student's ability, aptitude, and intelligence concerning his core subjects with an increased difficulty level. Students aspiring to Join architecture have to appear for an additional pen and paper test known as the Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT).

Here the AIM is to get a hold of the ALL INDIA RANK, which is precise step 3.

Step 3 - Scoring an ALL INDIA RANK

To obtain a rank here, a student has to fulfil specific criteria. He has scored a minimum of 10% individually in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, and he has to get an aggregate of 35% marks in all 3 subjects. Only if the student fulfils, this criterion is considered for the ranking. 

Step 4- Seat Allocation in IIT

To obtain a seat in the IIT, one must go through a standard seat allocation process. This process is carried out by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA). This process applies to all the IIT institutes. 

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So after clearing JEE mains and JEE advanced, one finds his way to obtaining the AIR score and captures a seat at IIT. It is a long way, and a student aspiring to become an IITian has to start well in advance for better results.

Some tips for clearing JEE

So now that you have understood that JEE is the first step toward IIT admission, it is imperative to prepare thoroughly. A student has to follow a strategy and needs to have a plan before he starts preparing. First and foremost, start preparing early to have ample time by your side. Here are some tips which can help you out!

Select the right resources: 

A Lot of study material is available for JEE preparations. You cannot complete all. So be wise in choosing your reference books. The basis for JEE is the NCERT syllabus. So try beginning with that. Choose books for concept clearance and revision. Try to take suggestions from those who have already appeared for JEE. Don't burden yourself with the material. Ensure you pick the appropriate books for strategic preparation.

Develop healthy study habits: 

The motive of studying is not mugging up or filling yourself with data. JEE is an application-based test. So study for concept understanding and then apply those concepts to solve questions. Physical health is also significant. So concentrate on eating healthy throughout the day. Devote time for revision too. Once you have studied a few concepts, get back and revise for better implications. Do not forget to self evaluate. When you cannot crack questions, try to redo them after revision. This will help you boost your confidence too.

Solve mock papers and test papers: 

Previous year's documents are readily available. Try to solve them. Also, try to solve mock papers with the same difficulty level as the JEE papers. Begin subject wise. Ensure you are devoting adequate time to all three subjects. Try to solve individual subject question papers. This will give you an insight into which subject requires more preparation. This changes from student to student to manage your time allocation for all the issues. Once you have attempted mock tests, ensure you note your doubts and keep getting them cleared. 

Evaluate your attempts:

A student has to evaluate all his attempts—self-analyse where you are lacking. Only appearing for mock tests and getting your doubts cleared is not sufficient. Students lack time management, miss out on important topics or succumb to silly mistakes. So you have to evaluate yourself and take corrective measures for improvement.

Be Determined and Be positive:

When everyone around you knows that you are preparing for JEE, they generally share feedback on how difficult it is. Remember, they don't know your calibre and ability. Yes, you are aware of what you can achieve. Generally, students get demotivated and think of appearing the following year. That is undoubtedly an option, but why waste this year. Try to be optimistic and make full utilisation of resources. Determination is your shield.

A most crucial aspect of getting into IIT:

After understanding the difficulty level and complexity of the admission process, students have to understand the key or the essential aspect of getting into IIT is to start preparing in advance. 

When we say start preparing in advance, we don't mean start studying at once and start mentally preparing yourself. And how would you do that?

  • Start evaluating your strengths and working on your weakness
  • Try to understand your abilities and interests
  • Be clear about your likes, dislikes, choices and preferences

An excellent way to do this is to attend a Career Counseling session. A career counsellor will help you evaluate yourself. Career counselling centres like Brainwonders excel in assessing the positives and negatives of a child. Once the thought of joining IIT hits your mind, ensure to walk into Brainwonders counselling centre. The expert team of counsellors will carefully analyse your strengths and weaknesses scientifically. They carry out tests and group discussions for better understanding.

Additionally, they will devise strategies for improvement. So you can start working on your negatives right away. By the time you are eligible for JEE, you will have successfully overcome your weaker segments. This improves your chances to get into IIT. IIT is your dream, your hard work and your determination. Every time you feel demotivated, remember these lines, 'A river cuts through the rock not because of its power, but because of its Persistence'.


Frequently asked questions about IIT-JEE

Q.1) What is the most effective way to prepare for the IIT-JEE entrance exam?

Ans:  One of the most important steps in preparing for the IIT-JEE is to set realistic goals and create a study plan. Developing a regular study schedule that fits with your other commitments should be a priority. Additionally, it's important to review past papers and practise mock exams regularly to get familiar with the types of questions asked and the test format. It is also beneficial to develop good note-taking habits and keep detailed notes on topics that you find difficult or need more clarification on. Finally, seeking professional guidance from experienced tutors or mentors is highly recommended to help ensure that you are adequately prepared for the exam.

Q.2) What are the main topics one should cover while preparing for the IIT-JEE entrance exam?

Ans: Preparation for the IIT-JEE entrance exam requires candidates to have familiarity with a variety of topics. Specifically, it is important that candidates understand concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, including Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry, as well as Calculus. Additionally, candidates should have a basic knowledge of Reasoning and Logical Thinking, and be able to apply these skills when tackling various problem types. It is also recommended that candidates familiarise themselves with current events and some basic computer programming techniques. Finally, having an understanding of graph theory and probability can help candidates understand more complex problems. By studying each of these topics, candidates can give themselves a comprehensive foundation on which to build their success in the IIT-JEE entrance exam.

Q.3) What other factors are involved in Clearing the toughest exams?

Ans: Clearing the toughest exams requires more than just knowledge and hard work. It is essential to have a holistic approach to exam preparation, from understanding the syllabus to building effective study habits. A good strategy for tackling exams starts with having a thorough understanding of the material, focusing on key concepts and memorising important information. 

It is also important to plan ahead, create a realistic study schedule, and break down tasks into manageable chunks. Regular practice tests help identify weak areas and reduce test-taking anxiety. Additionally, proper nutrition, adequate rest, and staying organised and motivated can help ensure success on exam day. Ultimately, exam preparation needs to be an ongoing process that begins long before the actual test date.

Q.4) Can i get admission in iit without jee?

Ans: Typically, admission to IITs is through the JEE (Joint Entrance Examination). However, some IITs also offer admissions through alternative routes, such as direct admissions for foreign nationals, specialized programs, or lateral entry for certain courses. It's advisable to check the specific admission criteria of the IIT you're interested in for accurate information.

Q.5) What can we do after iit?

Ans: After graduating from an IIT, you can choose to

  • Pursue higher studies (Master's, Ph.D.).
  • Get a good job in various industries.
  • Start your own business or join startups.
  • Explore government roles or research positions.
  • Teach, consult, or work internationally.
  • Contribute to society through impactful projects.
  • Keep learning through workshops and certifications.

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