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Polytechnic - Course Details, Fees, Eligibility, Admission Process, Career Scope & Jobs

01 February,2024  |  By Brainwonders

What is Polytechnic

In the past many years, there has been a notable increase in the number of admissions to Polytechnic courses. Several institutes offer various diploma courses, including those in engineering. Many renowned engineering colleges also provide polytechnic diploma courses in different B.Tech specializations. Polytechnic courses typically last three years and are designed to provide technical education and practical skills, preparing students for various career opportunities. These courses cover subjects like English, Applied Physics, Applied Mathematics, and Engineering drawing in the initial semesters and then move on to core subjects based on the student's chosen specialization. Upon completion, students can pursue further education or enter the workforce directly.

The eligibility criteria for Polytechnic courses vary by institution. Still, generally, candidates must have passed class 10th or 12th with a minimum of 40% marks and have a strong foundation in subjects like Mathematics, Science, and English. Polytechnic diploma courses offer a more affordable alternative to B.Tech course and can serve as a stepping stone to a successful career in engineering.

What is a Polytechnic?

A Polytechnic course is designed to provide technical education to students through a diploma or vocational course. Typically, these courses run for three years, after which graduates receive a certificate. Polytechnic programs can also be beneficial in launching careers, as they equip students with the skills necessary to secure positions at respected companies. Commonly, polytechnic institutes offer diplomas in civil, mechanical, electrical, and other emerging fields.

What is the difference between a Polytechnic and B.Tech?

  • The primary distinction between polytechnic and B.Tech is that the former is a diploma course while the latter is a degree course.
  • Polytechnic courses typically last three years, whereas B.Tech is a four-year undergraduate Course.
  • Regarding cost, B.Tech is more expensive than polytechnic.

Polytechnic Course Details

Following are the key points and Highlights of the Polytechnic course-

Course Level 12th
Polytechnic Course Duration 3 years (6 Semesters)
Polytechnic Eligibility 10th from any Recognized Board, minimum 35 % in 10th
Age Minimum of 14 years
Polytechnic Admission Process Direct in Most of the Private colleges, for Government colleges Entrance exam
Polytechnic Course fees 5 thousand per year to 50 thousand per year
Exam Type Semester wise
Polytechic Starting Average Salary 1.5 lakhs to 3 lakhs per year
Polytechnic Job profile Junior Engineer, Teacher,
Placement Opportunities Government Jobs, Electricity Department, PWD, IOCL
Top Achievement most of the top-level engineers are Diploma holders

Polytechnic Eligibility Criteria

The following are the eligibility requirements for the Diploma in Engineering or Polytechnic course:

  • A 10th-grade pass out from any recognised board can apply (from any state or CBSE board)
  • Students with a 12th-grade diploma are also welcome to apply.
  • Students could enrol straight through the lateral entrance in the second year if they studied Science and Math in the 12th and 12th pass.
  • This course requires a minimum age of 14 years.
  • The minimal percentage for class ten should be greater than 35%.
S. No. Course Eligibility Duration
I Diploma Polytechnic 10th Pass 3 Yrs.
II Diploma (lateral entry)
Direct Admission in Second Year
ITI/12th Pass 2 Yrs.
III Diploma + B Tech 10th Pass 6 Yrs.
IV Diploma + B Tech + M Tech 10th Pass 8 Yrs.

Admission Process for Polytechnic Course:

  1. Registration: To secure admission to any polytechnic program, candidates must complete and submit the application form provided by the respective authorities within the specified deadlines. When filling out the application form, candidates are required to furnish essential information, including personal details, academic history, and contact information. Additionally, they must upload necessary documents such as a photograph and signature. Candidates are also expected to make the required application fee payment during the application procedure. It's worth noting that each polytechnic course has its unique application form.
  2. Issuance of Admit Card: Numerous state polytechnic entrance exams are conducted for admissions into polytechnic programs offered by state-affiliated institutions. Those who register within the stipulated period will receive an admit card from the authorities. The admit card includes essential information about the polytechnic exam day, such as the candidate's name, exam date, time, assigned exam centre, and exam day instructions.
  3. Entrance Examination: The respective authorities conduct entrance exams for polytechnic programs following the 12th standard, adhering to a predefined schedule.
  4. Announcement of Results: After the examination, the authorities release the entrance exam results. Only candidates who pass the entrance exam will be considered eligible for admission.
  5. Counselling Process: Candidates who qualify for the entrance examination will be invited to participate in the counselling process. Following counselling, authorities will allocate seats to candidates based on merit, individual preferences, and seat availability.

Polytechnic Courses List in India

Course Colleges
Civil Engineering Diploma colleges in Civil Engineering
Mechanical Engineering Diploma colleges in Mechanical Engineering
Electrical Engineering Diploma colleges in Electrical Engineering
Chemical Engineering Diploma colleges in Chemical Engineering
Computer Science and Engineering Diploma colleges in Computer Science and Engineering
Electronics and Communication Engineering Diploma colleges in Electronics and Communication Engineering
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Diploma colleges in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Automobile Engineering Diploma colleges in Automobile Engineering

Polytechnic Exams in India

Prospective candidates can locate state-specific polytechnic entrance exams for admission to three-year diploma courses in Engineering and Technology offered by participating colleges.

Polytechnic Exams

State Name
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Polytechnic Common Entrance Test (POLYCET)
Assam Assam Polytechnic Admission Test
Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh Joint Entrance Examination (APJEE)


Diploma-Certificate Entrance Competitive Examination (DCECE)

Uttar Pradesh JEECUP
West Bengal JEXPO
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir Polytechnic Entrance Test
Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh Pre-Polytechnic Test (MP PPT)


Telangana State Polytechnic Common Entrance Test (TS POLYCET)

Himachal Pradesh

HP Polytechnic Admission Test (HP PAT)


Chhattisgarh Pre-Polytechnic Test (CG PPT)


Polytechnic Entrance Competitive Examination (PECE)


Polytechnic Admissions on the basis of 10th or 12th

Several colleges admit students into polytechnic courses based on their marks in either class 10th or 12th. Prospective candidates can locate state-wise lists of admission to polytechnic programs after the 12th based on their scores.

States Polytechnic Admissions
Maharashtra Maharashtra Polytechnic Admission 2023
Gujarat Gujarat Diploma Admission 2023
Karnataka Karnataka Polytechnic 2023
Kerala Kerala Polytechnic Admission 2023
Tamil Nadu Tamilnadu Polytechnic Admission 2023
Punjab Punjab Polytechnic Admission 2023
Goa Goa Diploma Admission 2023
Haryana Haryana Polytechnic 2023

Top Polytechnic Careers:

Careers Average Salary
Interior Design 3 yrs Polytechnic ₹85,000-180,000
Textile Designing 3 yrs Polytechnic CEE ₹250,000-300,000

How to fill polytechnic Application form

On June 1, online registrations for Diploma admission after the 10th grade commenced in Maharashtra. To apply for Maharashtra Polytechnic admission 2023, candidates must visit the official website and complete the application process by the specified date. Below are the steps aspiring candidates need to follow:

How to fill DTE Maharashtra Diploma Application?

  1. Online Registration: To initiate the application process for Maharashtra Polytechnic admission 2023, candidates need to visit the official website at They should click on the designated link and commence registration using a valid email ID and password.

  2. Application Form: In the online application, candidates are required to furnish personal, academic, communication, and other pertinent details as specified by the authorities.

  3. Uploading Documents: Following the provision of necessary information, candidates must upload the required documents in the format prescribed by the authorities.

  4. Application Fee: Upon successful document upload, candidates are obligated to remit the application fee through online mode.

Polytechnic Syllabus Semester Wise

Polytechnic Subjects: 1st Year Polytechnic Subjects: 2nd Year Polytechnic Syllabus: 3rd Year

Polytechnic Subjects: 1st Semester

  • Communication Skills-I
  • Applied Mathematics – I
  • Applied Physics-I
  • Applied Chemistry
  • Engineering Drawing-I
  • Basics of Information Technology
  • General Workshop Practice-I

Polytechnic Subjects: 3rd Semester

  • Applied Mathematics -III
  • Electrical Instrumentation and Measurement
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineering Materials
  • Digital Electronics
  • Electrical Machine – I
  • Environmental Studies

Polytechnic subjects: 5th Semester

  • Industrial Management and Entrepreneurship Development
  • Switchgear and Protection
  • PLC, Microcontroller and SCADA
  • Electrical Machine – II
Polytechnic Subjects: Semester 2 Polytechnic Subjects: 4th Semester  Polytechnic Subjects: 6th Semester
  • Applied Mathematics – II
  • Applied Physics -II
  • Basic Electrical Engineering
  • Basics of Mechanical and Civil Engineering
  • Analog Electronics
  • General Workshop Practice-II
  • Communication Skill- II
  • Industrial Electronics and Control
  • Electrical Design, Drawing and Estimating-I
  • Power Plant Engineering
  • Transmission and Distribution of Electrical Power
  • Energy Conservation
  • Universal Human Values


  • Installation, Maintenance and Repair of Electrical Equipment
  • Electrical Design, Drawing and Estimating II
  • Utilization of Electrical Energy
  • Application of Computer Software in Electrical Engineering
  • Project Work

What After Polytechnic?

  1. Btech/BE
  2. AIME Certification
  3. Graduation Specific Stream

1) B.Tech

B.Tech or B.E is the most popular path for Polytechnic Diploma holders, especially those in engineering fields. To pursue this degree, applicants must appear for the relevant Engineering Entrance Exams based on the college and subject of their choice. Engineering Diploma holders are often offered lateral entry into many engineering colleges, allowing them to join the program in the second or third semester of the B.Tech / B.E. program. Some colleges have separate entrance exams to assess diploma holders for lateral entry admission.

Eligibility – Candidates must have completed their 12th grade or hold a diploma from a recognized university.

Average Salary –INR 2.5 TO 4 LPA


Engineering diploma holders have the option to pursue the AIME Certification Course as an alternative. The AIME (Associate Member of the Institutions of Engineers) certification is a professional designation equivalent to a B.E. degree. The Institute of Engineering, India, offers the AIME course, typically completed within four years, divided into two sections. Polytechnic Diploma holders are exempt from a few papers from Section A, specifically Project Work, which allows them to obtain the AIME certification in about three years.

Eligibility Criteria – The candidate must have completed their 12th grade or obtained a diploma from a recognized university to be eligible.

Average Salary – INR 2.5 TO 4 LPA

3) Graduation-Specific Stream

Apart from B.Tech and B.E. programs, Polytechnic Diploma holders can also opt for a three-year undergraduate course in their field of study. This option is especially beneficial for non-engineering Diploma holders who can enrol in standard graduation programs such as B.Sc, B.A., BCA, and B.Com. To be eligible for admission to these courses, students must have completed their Class 12 Board Exam or +2 certifications.

Eligibility Criteria- To be eligible, the candidate must have completed a diploma or an equivalent degree from a recognized university.

Average Salary - INR 2 TO 4 LPA

Jobs After Polytechnic

Polytechnic Jobs in Private Sector

 After completing their Polytechnic diploma, candidates can seek private employment in sectors such as construction, manufacturing, electrical, or communication industries. They will usually be hired at the junior level, and positions that may be available to them include Junior Mechanical Engineer, Junior Construction Engineer, IT Assistant, and Electrical Assistant.

Government Jobs After Polytechnic

Candidates who have completed their Polytechnic diploma can also pursue government jobs. They may be hired for various technical and junior-level positions such as Junior Engineer, IT Assistant, PSU Jobs, Clerk, and Technician.

Self Employment Options

Another career option for Polytechnic diploma holders is to start businesses and become self-employed. They can establish various ventures such as Technology Repair Centre, Garage, and Automobile Repair Centre.

Polytechni FAQs

Q1. What are Polytechnic Courses?

Ans:  A Polytechnic is an educational institute that offers diploma or vocational courses which mainly focus on technical education. These courses usually last for three years, and students receive a certificate upon program completion.

Q2. Is a Polytechnic diploma equivalent to 12th?

Ans:  Diploma courses are generally considered equivalent to 12th-grade education, if not a little more. Therefore, there are no significant disadvantages to pursuing a diploma course. The only downside is that earning the diploma takes an additional year (10+3). In case you are confused about career options after completing 12th grade or a diploma, there are various approaches you can take to explore your options.

Q3. What are the types of polytechnic courses after 10th?

Ans: Here's a rephrased version of the content:

There are various diploma courses available after completing 10th grade. Some of the popular ones are the Diploma in Computer Programming, Diploma in Electrical Engineering, Graduate Certificate in Marketing Management, Diploma in Petroleum Engineering, Diploma in Mechanical Engineering, Diploma in Business Administration, Diploma in Computer Science and Engineering, Diploma in Animation, Art & Design, Diploma in Hospitality Management, Diploma in Accounting, Diploma in Electronics and Communication Engineering, and Diploma of Early Childhood Education & Care, as well as Diploma in Electronics and Electrical Engineering.

Q4. Which Polytechnic branch is best for future?

Ans:  Mechanical Engineering is considered one of the most popular and in-demand diploma branches. This is because graduates with knowledge and skills in understanding the mechanics and anatomy of machines are highly sought after in various industries. This branch's curriculum covers mechanical machinery, machine design, machine fittings, machine automation, and various types of production.

Q5. Is a Polytechnic diploma equivalent to graduation?

Ans: A diploma course is not considered equivalent to a bachelor's degree, as graduation courses are more advanced than diploma courses. Since graduation is the next level of a diploma, students can opt for it after completing their diploma course.

Q6. What to do after Polytechnic?

Ans: A Polytechnic Diploma is a technical degree that can provide good job opportunities. However, various career options can be pursued after completing a Polytechnic Diploma, such as:

  1. B.Tech Lateral Entry Scheme
  2. AMIE Certification
  3. Public Sector Jobs
  4. Private Sector Jobs
  5. Self-Employment.

Q7. How many subjects are there in Polytechnic?

Ans: In India, there are a variety of polytechnic courses available to choose from, including Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electronic and Communication Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Fashion Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Art and Craft, Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Mining Engineering, Biotechnology Engineering, and Agricultural Engineering.

Q8. How to prepare for the Polytechnic entrance exam?

Ans:  If you want to crack polytechnic entrance exams, follow these steps:

  1. Start by reviewing your textbooks, such as NCERT and take short notes if possible.
  2. You can also refer to any study guide relevant to your entrance exam.
  3. Solve the past 5-year questions, as 20-30% of the exam may be from these.
  4. Pay attention to the fundamental formulas or concepts and create a mind map to aid your understanding.
  5. Lastly, practice more and more to improve your speed and accuracy.

Q9. Can we do BTech after Polytechnic?

Ans:  Certainly, pursuing B.Tech after your diploma can give you a deeper understanding of your field and enhance your career prospects. Additionally, if you opt for B.Tech after completing your diploma, you will save one year of the course as you can enter the programme's second year.

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