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Biotechnology Engineering: Courses, Eligibility, Colleges, Scope & Opportunities

27 June,2022  |  By Brainwonders

What is Biotechnology Engineering?

Biotechnology Engineering deals with researching and studying microorganisms, cell functions, and bio-organism. It is basically a mixture of Biological science and technology. Biotechnology engineering is the field of applied biology and chemical engineering that integrates with the use of living things in technology, engineering, medicine, and other essential applications. In short, biotechnology engineering is a field that blends engineering and biological science for research & development.

Biotechnology has emerged as an integral domain of science. Besides technological advancement, Biotech has increased the opportunities for engineers in biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, nanotechnology, forensic science, microbiology, research, bioinformatics, food technology, etc. Biotech is a combination of life science and bioscience aspects of biology. The technological enhancement in the biological sector aims to focus on the cellular and molecular levels to develop products or tools to benefit the ecosystem. 

As a result, Biotech has a wide range of applications like bioremediation, genetically modified organisms, bioprocessing, nutraceuticals, and vaccines that collectively aim to focus on the quality of life.

Role of Biotechnology Engineer

Biotechnology engineers have a comprehensive understanding of biological systems. They can analyse, acquaint themselves with, modify, and regulate the activity of biological systems to manufacture valuable goods. In order to devise remedies for impending problems, they can introduce new qualities, improve existing ones, or completely do away with such features altogether. Recent developments in research methods, procedures, gadgets, and equipment have resulted in increased productivity while simultaneously reducing the amount of manual labour required. 

Courses in Biotechnology Engineering

Diploma level (3 years)

Undergraduate level (4-year courses)

Postgraduate level (2-year courses) 


  • M.Tech or M.E. in BT
  • M.Tech or M.E. in Clinical Engineering
  • M.Tech in Biochemical Engineering
  • M.Sc or Master of Science in Life Science, Genetics, Microbiology, Biophysics

PhD level (2 to 5 years)


  • PhD in Biotechnology Engineering

Specialisations offered in Biotechnology

Different specialisation courses in biotechnology engineering include:

  • Genetics
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Animal Husbandry
  • Ecology
  • Virology
  • Immunology
  • Fisheries
  • Epidemiology
  • Research Design

Admission and Eligibility Criteria for Biotechnology Engineering

To get into different levels of Biotechnology Engineering courses, you have to meet different requirements. At the Diploma level, most students who have finished Class 10th can take the course. At the undergraduate level, students must have taken courses in the science stream, which includes physics, chemistry, biology, and maths, in order to be accepted. For Master's programmes, you must have a bachelor's degree in Biotechnology Engineering or a related field like chemistry, biology, or life sciences. You can get this degree in engineering or pure sciences.

In addition to this, candidates must also pass an entrance exam. For better understanding, refer to the mentioned below chart:

Courses Duration Eligibility Courses Fees
Diploma  3 years For the diploma degrees one has to clear class 10th with at least 55% aggregate marks Between Rs 15,000 to Rs 1,30,000
Undergraduate 4 years Cleared Class 12th Science from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects with at least 75% marks. Between Rs 45,000 to Rs 11,00,000
Postgraduate 2 years B.Tech/B.E degree in the same specialisation with minimum GPA of 6.5 or 60% of marks or First Class in the qualifying degree. Between Rs 40,000 to Rs 3,00,000
Phd 3-5 years Candidates must have completed UG & PG degree in the Biotechnology engineering Between Rs 40,000 to Rs 3,00,000

Entrance Exams for Biotechnology Engineering

UG Biotechnology engineering entrance examinations:

PG Biotechnology engineering entrance examination:

Biotechnology Engineering Topics

Following are the subjects or topics covered in the Biotechnology engineering undergraduate as well as postgraduate degree courses:

  • Human Biology
  • Cell Biology and Biological Systems
  • Chemistry
  • Structural Biochemistry
  • Biological Chemistry
  • Plant Science
  • Microbiology
  • Protein Science
  • Molecular Genetics
  • Metabolism
  • Immunology
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Environmental Microbiology
  • Genomics and Bioinformatics
  • Food Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Virology
  • Food Process Technology
  • Bioremediation Technology
  • Food Packaging Technology
  • Biofertilizers and Biopesticides
  • Clinical Microbiology
  • Drug Delivery System
  • Molecular Therapeutics
  • Solid Waste Management
  • Biometric Security
  • Quality Management
  • Ecology
Bioengineering Top Colleges

Listed below are the top biotechnology engineering colleges where one can complete his/her education:

Colleges Location
Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
Birla Institute of Technology Ranchi
Anna University Chennai
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur West Bengal
Delhi Technology University New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology, Bangalore Karnataka
Chandigarh University Punjab-Haryana
NIT Calicut Indian Institute of Technology Calicut
Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai Mumbai


Scope & Career Opportunities in Biotechnology Engineering

The Biotechnology field is increasing consistently. It is frequently referred to as the industry's next IT powerhouse. So, what is it about the BT field that is so appealing? Let's look at a few of the most range of applications in this industry. Despite its recent rise to prominence, India's pharmaceutical industry continues to expand at a rapid pace. This industry is always looking for talented individuals to join its workforce.

Public-funded organisations are responsible for much of the research in India, and there are many opportunities for employment in the many BT institutes. A rigorous learning atmosphere and appealing benefits make these desirable labs places to work for highly-talented people.

Not to mention the multi-billion dollar pharmaceutical industry, which has a lot of room for growth if you're dedicated and skilled. There are many new companies and labs in India's food technology and healthcare technology sectors. Desk occupations with intense analytical demands abound in the fields of bioinformatics and computational biology.

While in India, biotechnology is still in its infancy, several countries worldwide have already realised the value of biotechnology and are taking advantage of it. It has a lot of potential in wealthy countries where BT and related sectors might help you get a wonderful job.

Modern and trending technologies are generally respected, and a great deal of financing is available for those who want to pursue their interests. 

Employment Areas of Biotechnology Engineering

After completing the biotechnology engineering course, one can find employment in various sectors and industries. If an individual has gained a lot of experience in the biotechnology field, he/she may even get scalable opportunities in India as well as abroad. Listed below are the areas where one can find the employment in the field of biotechnology engineering:

  • Drug and Pharmaceutical Research
  • Public-funded Laboratories
  • Chemicals
  • Environment Control
  • Waste Management
  • Energy
  • Food Processing
  • Bio-processing Industries
  • Bioengineering or biomedical sector
  • Waste management sector
  • Bio-processing management
  • Food and agriculture sustainability
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Advanced healthcare

Choosing the right career path based on your interests may be difficult after completing your 12th. After completing your secondary education, it is critical to consider a suitable professional path. Brainwonders can guide you if you're unsure about what to do after 12th. Get excellent assistance and guidance from Brainwonders Career Counselling. You can also take an assessment test to help determine your area of interest, and then you can choose a career depending on your area of interest. We provide various assessments like DMIT Tests, Aptitude Tests, Personality Tests, and IQ Tests. Till now, we've helped thousands of students find a career path that aligns with their interests. Likewise, we would be delighted to help you too!

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