Brainwoders Facebook

Confused about which Course to choose after 10th?

Take Brainwonders Career Test and make the right decisions for your college and course ahead

Let your unique personality, strengths, and traits guide to make the best decdision of your life!


All Insights Into UG and PG Full Form, Duration, and Benefits

07 January,2024  |  By Brainwonders

UG and PG Full Form

In today's society, higher education holds great significance in shaping an individual's career and future opportunities. Many students aspire to continue their education after schooling, with options such as Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG) courses available. However, only some are acquainted with the Full form of UG and PG, leading to potential confusion.

PG Full Form is Postgraduate and UG stands for undergraduate, and denoting the initial higher education level students can pursue following their secondary education. Typically, undergraduate programs encompass bachelor's degrees across disciplines like arts, science, commerce, and engineering. Conversely, PG stands for postgraduate, representing the subsequent higher education level available to students after completing their undergraduate program. Postgraduate programs comprise master's degrees, PhDs, and other advanced degrees across various fields.

For students who are considering higher education, it is imperative to have a thorough understanding of the complete abbreviations for UG and PG. It enables them to discern the educational level they are pursuing and make well-informed decisions regarding their future career prospects. In this blog, we will  All Insights Into UG and PG Full Form, Duration, and Benefits and the essential details that students seeking higher education need to know.

What is a UG and PG course?

UG stands for Undergraduate, representing students undertaking a degree at the first level of higher education after completing high school. This stage of education takes place at a college or university and offers bachelor's degrees like B.Com, B.A., B.Sc., and others, providing students with a foundation in their chosen field of study.

On the other hand, PG stands for Postgraduate, which involves pursuing a master's degree or a postgraduate degree after completing a bachelor's degree. These programs typically span one or two years and offer specialised knowledge and advanced skills in a specific study area. Postgraduate degrees are often pursued by individuals aiming to deepen their understanding and expertise in a particular subject or to enhance their career prospects.

Why choose UG and PG courses?

Opting for Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG) courses is a pivotal choice that can profoundly shape your academic and professional trajectory. Allow me to present several compelling reasons why UG and PG courses merit careful consideration:

  • Strong Foundation: Undergraduate and postgraduate courses offer a firm grounding in a specific discipline, laying the groundwork for those considering higher education or a profession within that field. This aspect assumes particular significance for individuals with aspirations to further their academic pursuits or forge a career path in their chosen domain.
  • Career Preparation: UG and PG courses aim to equip students with the essential tools for their desired careers. The curriculum is customised to offer students the knowledge, skills, and practical experience required to thrive professionally.
  • Specialisation: UG and PG courses allow students to specialise in a specific field of study. This enables students to concentrate on their areas of interest and cultivate expertise in a particular domain.
  • Personal Growth: UG and PG courses offer personal growth and advancement avenues. Students can delve into new subjects, push their boundaries, and nurture vital skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, and effective communication.

Highlights of UG & PG courses

Within this section, we will discuss eligibility criteria, duration of courses, popular course, average fees, and well-known entrance examinations. These are essential aspects that require careful consideration.

Eligibility of UG and PG courses

To secure admission into undergraduate (UG) courses, candidates must have successfully completed their passed 10+2 or equivalent qualification from a recognised board or university. Additionally, for specific undergraduate courses, candidates may need to pass the prescribed entrance examinations.

For admission into postgraduate (PG) courses, candidates are required to obtained a bachelor’s degree or equivalent. However, certain postgraduate courses may necessitate the completion of an entrance examination for admission.

Duration of UG and PG Courses

Following the implementation of the New Education Policy 2020, students have expressed uncertainty regarding the duration of undergraduate and postgraduate courses. Generally, undergraduate course require 3 to 4 years for completion, while postgraduate course usually span 1 to 2 years. Nevertheless, it is important to note that the specific duration of each course is contingent upon both the chosen course and the institution offering it.

Difference Between UG and PG

Domain  Undergraduate(UG)  Postgraduate(PG)
Level of Education First higher education level Follows completion of undergraduate degree
Duration 3 to 4 years 1 to 2 years
Entry Requirements High school diploma or equivalent Bachelor's degree in a relevant field
Focus Broad overview of chosen discipline Specialized study and research
Degree Bachelor's degree (e.g., B.A., B.Sc.) Master's degree (e.g., M.A., M.Sc., M.B.A.)
Research Limited research involvement Significant research component
Thesis/Dissertation Not typically required Often required, significant research project
Career Path Entry-level positions, further studies possible Specialization, advanced roles, academia
Workload Moderate workload with structured courses Heavier workload, self-directed study
Job Opportunities Entry-level positions in chosen field Higher-level positions, industry expertise

There are numerous domains available for pursuing specializations in UG and PG studies. These courses not only provide valuable knowledge but also equip individuals with practical skills necessary in today's competitive world. These courses are highly sought after and can lead to a rewarding lifestyle.

Given below is the list of popular courses in multiple domains:

Domain Popular UG Courses Popular PG Courses
Medicine Radiology Obstetrics and Gynaecology Anatomy General Medicine Forensic Medicine 
Computer and Information Technology
Mass Communication
Hotel Management
  • Master of Hotel Management (MHM)
  • Master of Business Administration in Hotel Management (MBA HM)
  • Master of Science in Hotel Management (M.Sc. HM)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Hotel Management (PGDHM)

Top Careers for UG and PG Course

Careers Average Salary
Software developer ₹30,000-60,000
Data analyst ₹25,000-48,000
Investment banker ₹15,000-50,000
Marketing executive ₹25,000-70,000
Business analyst ₹30,000-60,000
Graphic designer ₹19,000-29,000
Lawyer ₹15,000-350,000
Doctor/surgeon ₹50,000-120,000
Civil engineer ₹22,000-60,000
Accountant ₹20,000-106,000

Fees of UG & PG courses

The average tuition fees for undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) courses in India exhibit considerable variation, influenced by factors such as the course type, institution, and geographical location. As a rough approximation, UG courses like Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, and Bachelor of Commerce generally range from INR 10,000 to INR 1,00,000 per year. UG professional courses such as Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Business Administration, and Bachelor of Computer Applications may range from INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000 per year.

In the case of PG courses, the fees for Master of Arts, Master of Science, and Master of Commerce typically span from INR 10,000 to INR 2,00,000 per year. PG professional courses like Master of Engineering, Master of Business Administration, and Master of Computer Applications may range from INR 50,000 to INR 20,00,000 per year. Nevertheless, it is important to note that these figures are approximate and can significantly vary based on the institution and location of the university.

Here is a list of some of the most popular UG and PG entrance exams in India:

UG Entrance Exams PG Entrance Exams


Now that you are acquainted with the full forms of UG and full forms of PG, as well as the duration of these courses, you are well-informed about their advantages and the general eligibility criteria. It's time for you to delve deeper into exploring these courses.

We hope that we have provided you with all the necessary information regarding the full forms of UG and PG and other relevant details. However, if you still have any questions, why not connect with our industry experts? Yes, you read it correctly! Our career counselors can address your queries and provide guidance within just 60 seconds.

UG and PG Full Form FAQs

Q1. What is the duration of UG and PG?

Ans: UG course is generally three or four years course that is done after completing class 12th. On the other hand, PG stands for Postgraduate which is generally for one or two years.

Q2. How many years does it take to complete PG?

Ans: Post-graduate programs typically last two years and may require a thesis or dissertation. These postgraduate courses in India can be taken at any university or college offering accredited post-graduate programs.

Q3. Which course is best UG or PG?

Ans: PG degree holders generally have better job prospects and higher earning potential compared to UG degree holders. They can find job opportunities in a variety of fields, including business and management, engineering and technology, healthcare, science and research, and education, among others.

Q4. What is mean by UG and PG courses?

Ans: In India the Graduation system is classified into two parts: Undergraduate (UG) and Postgraduate (PG).

Q5. How many semesters are there in UG?

Ans: IISc UG. The Bachelor of Science (Research) course is a four-year courseorganized into eight semesters.

Q6. Can we do PG diploma after 12?

Ans: PG can only be pursued after the graduation. You will have to graduation first in order to be eligible for PG. Is Diploma equivalent to 12th standard? No, Diploma is not equivalent to class 12th.

Q7. Is PG good for career?

Ans: A PG degree can lead you to further studies which will make your specialization further strengthened and fortified. If you are already employed and your basic qualification is only a bachelor's degree, a PG degree can get you a promotion and salary raise in your organization.

Q8. Can I do PG in 1 year?

Ans: The postgraduate course will be a one-year course instead of a two-year course at present. The decision was taken during the GU syndicate meeting held on Saturday. Sources said that the decision has been taken as the New Education Policy (NEP) guidelines have prescribed the same.

Q9. Can I do PG without degree?

Ans: 'A' Level is equivalent to PGDCA (Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Application). So, here PG Diploma (A-Level) and PG Degree (MCA) can be done without having graduation.

Q10. What comes after 12 PG or UG?

Ans: PG is postgraduate course which can be done done after Undergraduate course(UG) . Ex:- MBA, Mtech, MSC. UG is Undergraduate course which is done after 12th.

Confused about which Course to choose after 10th?

Take Brainwonders Career Test and make the right decisions for your college and course ahead


Commerce for 11th and 12th
Which Course After 10th
Commerce Subject in class 11th and 12th Standard Students
14 February,2024 4 min read
BDS Full Form
Which Course After 10th
BDS Full Form - Bachelor of Dental Surgery
14 February,2024 4 min read

marketing management
What is Marketing Management? A Complete Guide
24 January,2023 4 min read

Best Government Medical Colleges
Top Colleges In India
Best Government Medical Colleges In India
09 January,2023 4 min read
List of Top B.Tech Colleges in India
Top Colleges In India
List of Top B.Tech Colleges in India 2023
09 January,2023 4 min read
Top 10 Law Colleges In India
Top Colleges In India
Top 10 Law Colleges In India 2024- Let's Find Out
09 January,2024 4 min read

Contact Us


  [email protected]

Brainwonders 804 , 8th floor, Paras Business Center, Kasturba Cross, Road No. 1, behind kasturba Police station, Asara Colony, Borivali East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400066