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How to Become a Counsellor in India? Ultimate Guide with Top 6 Pathways

30 May,2023  |  By Brainwonders

Career Counsellor

We may have felt to talk with someone about our problems at some point in our lives. In which the issues are sentimental or emotional, it can be short term or long term. We are primarily stuck in such circumstances, so it is preferable to consult a counsellor to overcome our problems. Have you ever considered pursuing a career in field of counselling? So let's understand how one can become a counsellor in India.

Who is Counsellor?

A counsellor is a trained professional who helps resolve personal, emotional, sentimental, psychological, relationship or career-related problems. First, they build cordial relations with the clients and discover their problems. Then, after a deep understanding of the problem, they help the clients by providing them with the necessary guidance, which allows them to overcome their stress.

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Counsellors help people deal with several problems like:

  • Emotional distress
  • Family, relationship, parenting and marital problems
  • Anger and stress management
  • Lack of confidence
  • Low self-esteem
  • Helping students and adults in career counselling 

Top careers option for Counsellors

Careers Average Salary
Career Counsellor ₹15,000-30,000
Corporate Counselor ₹20,000-80,000
Credit Counselor ₹17,000-30,000
Genetic Counselor ₹20,000-25,000
Loan Counselor ₹15,000-40,000
Mental Health Counselor ₹10,000-50,000
Prison Counsellor ₹16,000-35,000
Rehabilitation Counselor ₹20,000-50,000

What are the Types of Counsellors?

Career Counsellor

Career counsellors are helping the students in career planning, career decisions, career guidance and much more. They aid the students by providing them with accurate career advice and helping them to figure out the best career path. Professional career counsellors assist students and people in better understanding their career ambitions and how to make educated career choices.

Academic Counsellor

Academic counsellors work primarily with school and college students and empower them in achieving their educational and career goals. They also provide tutoring and guide the students at the college level. Academic counselling can be done either in a group or individually.

Educational Counsellor

Educational counsellors help students with academic, psychological, and therapeutic issues. They assist pupils in dealing with worry, stress, and peer pressure caused by rigorous competition. They can help students achieve academic objectives by advising them on the best study paths or disciplines.

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Child Counsellor

Child counsellors look after the behavioural changes which are happening around childrens. Often children suffer from mental illness or trauma because of loneliness or stressful home environment. In such situations, its highly recommended to consult a child counsellor who will help the child to overcome problems in a friendly approach.

Health Counsellor

Health Counsellors help the people to overcome and fight with the aliments. Mostly, patients with chronic diseases are recommended to consult health counsellors. They guide people by listing down how they can fight long term ailments. For example, they suggest patients to do regular exercise, eat healthy food, sleep regularly, etc.

Mental Health Counsellor

Mental Health Counselors help people with difficulty, trauma, or sadness. Mental Health Counselors help patients' emotional and psychological well-being. They assist people in dealing with unpleasant emotions, including anger, tension, despair, anxiety, hopelessness, and depression. They help patients' emotional well-being via counselling, talking therapies, and other means.

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Relationship & Marriage Counsellor

At some point, couples are on the verge of facing devastated relationship issues. So to stop such relationship or marriage disputes, its highly recommended to consult a relationship counsellor. They will help the couples get back to their friendly relations.

Rehabilitation Counsellor

Rehabilitation Counselors help people who have a disability, physical limitation, or health condition that makes it hard to work, learn or live independently. They work very closely with their clients and set definite plans for rehabilitation, as well as rigorous goals, to make sure that their progress toward independence and self-sufficiency is steady.

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Who can become a Counsellor?

To become a counsellor, you must:
  • Be willing to understand the perspective, emotions, problems, etc., of an individual.
  • Easy to handle all types of clients, students, parents, young professionals, etc.
  • Having the fundamental keys like empathy and genuineness
  • Ready to maintain the ethical code of conduct within the regulations of counselling relationships
  • Incorporate fundamental counselling techniques such as observation, active listening, questioning, reflecting feelings and thoughts, and utilizing quiet when required.
  • Make therapeutic and developmental interventions as required.
How to become a counsellor in India?

There are multiple pathways to becoming a counsellor in a particular discipline for becoming a counsellor in India. Listed below are six pathways through which one can become a successful counsellor in India.

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1: How to become a counsellor in India after 12th class?

After completion of 12th class in any subject, you can go for an undergraduate degree program. To become a counsellor in India, you need to pursue a counsellor degree (B.A./ B.Sc) in Psychology/ Clinical Psychology/ Counselling Psychology or any other similar subject.

2: How to become a counsellor in India after Bachelors in Counselling/ Psychology?

After completing a counsellor graduates degree in Psychology/ Clinical Psychology/ Counselling Psychology or any other similar subject, you can further also pursue Masters Degree in Counselling Psychology/ Child Psychology/ Clinical Psychology/ Behavioral Psychology/ Mental Health Psychology or similar discipline.

3: How to become a counsellor in India after the graduation?

A Bachelor's degree in Social Science, Education, Social Work, or a similar field can lead to a Post-Graduate Diploma or equivalent course in Counselling/Mental Health/Career Counselling. You can also get a Master's degree in Counselling/Mental Health/Career Counselling.

4: How to become a counsellor in India after the graduation in any subject?

Mentioned below career path is for people who want to get a Bachelor'sBachelor's in Education or Special Education after they finish high school.

  • Class 12th in any Stream/ Background
  • Bachelors Degree in any subject
  • B.Ed./ B.Ed. Special Education
  • Post Graduate Courses or PG Diploma or Training/ Certification in Career Counselling/ Mental Health/ Counselling or any other similar discipline.

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5: How to become a counsellor in India after the graduation in any subject?

For those who want to pursue integrated counselling courses, given below pathway will be helpful.

  • Class 12th in any Stream/ Background
  • 4-year integrated B.A. B.Ed. / B.Sc. B.Ed. / B.Com. B.Ed. or similar course
  • Post Graduate Courses or PG Diploma or Training/ Certification in Career Counselling/ Mental Health/ Counselling or any other similar discipline.
6: How to become a counsellor in India after the graduation in any subject?

Go through the listed below career route to become a counsellor in India after graduating in any discipline. After earning a Bachelor'sBachelor's degree in any field, consider a career in counselling.

  • Class 12th in any Stream/ Background
  • Bachelors Degree in any Subject
  • Certificate course/ Counsellor Training/ Diploma in Mental Health/ Counselling/ Career Counselling

Top Colleges for B.A/B.Sc in Psychology

  • Delhi University, New Delhi
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Ambedkar University, New Delhi
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Christ University, Bangalore

Top Colleges for M.A/ M.Sc in Psychology/Counselling

  • Delhi University, New Delhi
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai
  • Ambedkar University, New Delhi
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Christ University, Bengaluru
  • Ashoka University, Sonepat
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Fergusson College, Pune

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Institutes offering Diploma/ PG Diploma in Guidance & Counselling

  • Delhi University, Delhi
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
  • CVM Institute of Human Resource Development, Gujarat
  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
  • Silchar Medical College
  • Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak
  • SGT University, Gurgaon

List of Counselling Courses (Diploma/ Certificate & PG Diploma)

  • Certificate in Counseling & Psychology
  • Certificate in Career Counseling
  • Certificate in Marriage and Family Counseling
  • Certificate in Child Psychology 
  • Certificate in Developmental Psychology 
  • Certificate in Stress Management
  • Certificate in Mental Health
  • Certificate Program in Couple and Family Therapy
  • Short Term Program- Fostering Strengths Skills and Perspectives for Enhancing the Psychosocial Well-being of Adolescents and Young People'People'
  • Post-Graduate Diploma in Counselling
  • Certificate program Emotional Intelligence Coach
  • Certified Advanced Life Coach
  • Post Graduate Diploma in School Counselling (PGDSC)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Community Mental Health
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Guidance and Counseling
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Psychological Counselling 
  • PG Diploma in Psychotherapeutic Counselling

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List of M.A. /M.Sc. Counselling courses

  • M.A. Counselling and Psychotherapy Practice
  • Integrative MA in Psychotherapy & Counselling for Children, Adolescents, and Families
  • M.A. in Addiction Psychology and Counselling
  • M.Sc. in Systemic Family Therapy
  • M.Sc. in Advanced Hearing Therapy Practice
  • M.A. Counselling and Psychotherapy
  • M.Sc. Genetic and Genomic Counselling
  • M.Sc. Behaviour Analysis and Therapy
  • Family Therapy
  • M.Sc. in Psychosexual Therapy
  • M.Sc. in Counselling and Positive Psychology
  • M.Sc. Advanced Counselling and Psychotherapy Studies
  • M.Sc. in Therapeutic Counselling
  • M.Sc. Psychotherapeutic Counselling
  • Counselling Children and Young People
  • M.A. in Counselling Psychology
  • M.A. Psychology
  • M.Sc. in Mental Health and Substance Use
  • M.Sc. Integrative Counselling and Coaching
  • M.Sc. Systemic Practice and Family Therapy
  • M.Sc. Addiction Psychology and Counselling

Subject Specialization in Psychology Courses

  1. Cognitive Psychology
  2. Applied Psychology
  3. Educational Psychology
  4. Forensic Psychology
  5. Criminal psychology/criminology
  6. Quantitative Psychology
  7. School Psychology
  8. Social Psychology
  9. Cyberpsychology
  10. Sports Psychology
  11. Rehabilitation Psychology
  12. Behavioural Psychology
  13. Clinical Psychology
  14. Counselling Psychology
  15. Career Education & Guidance
  16. Developmental Psychology
  17. Industrial and Organizational Psychology
  18. Lifespan Development Psychology
  19. General Psychology
  20. Health Psychology
  21. Child Psychology
  22. Mental Health Psychology
  23. Neuropsychology
  24. Experimental psychology
  25. Individual– Group Psychology
  26. Psychopathology
  27. Psychotherapy

What are the Expenses in Psychology Field?

A bachelor's degree in Psychology or a similar subject costs around Rs.20,000 to Rs.4,00,000. Masters Degree in Psychology or any similar subject costs between Rs.40,000 to Rs.6,00,000. A PG Diploma in Counselling or a similar subject will cost around Rs.20,000 to Rs.40,000.

What is the Scope of Counselling in India?

The scope of counselling is quite broad. It is concerned with various issues and developments in an individual's life, such as financial and health planning, issues about family, society, and emotional adaptations, among other things. There is enormous scope for counselling in major specializations, including family counselling, career counselling, group counselling and client-centred counselling.

According to the Times of India, India requires around 15 lakh+ counsellors to serve the country's more than 315 million schoolchildren. The figures are problematic, and they demonstrate that immediate action is required. Not only that, but according to another survey published by India Times, Indian schools need more counsellors as the percentage of pupils experiencing mental discomfort continues to rise to an unprecedented level.


So in this post, we have come across all the necessary aspects of becoming a successful counsellor in India. We have discussed the types of counsellors, major specializations in psychology, how to pursue a diploma/ certificate degree in the Counselling field. If you are willing to explore such a fantastic field, then this post will indeed be going to benefit you.

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