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List of Subjects in Humanities in class 11th & 12th CBSE

11 February,2024  |  By Brainwonders

subjects in humanities in class 11

Humanity is the study of human society and culture. The field is frequently defined as any study outside professional training, mathematics, and natural and social science. This field is often overlooked but it is an incredibly powerful subject. It encourages students to ask intriguing questions, develop their own theories and perspectives, and study a wealth of different texts from various disciplines and cultures. Studying the humanities can open up a world of knowledge and understanding that few other forms of education can match. Whether we are exploring philosophy, literature, history, or even art, there is something to learn in this field that can lead us to a deepening appreciation and understanding of ourselves and those around us.

Humanity includes the study of foreign languages, history, philosophy, language art, visual arts, cookery, etc. CBSE allows selecting a wide range of humanities subjects in class 11th. The topics are mentioned below:

Mandatory Humanities Subjects in CBSE Class 11th:

  • History 
  • Language
  • Geography
  • Political Science

Optional Humanities Subjects in CBSE Class 11th:

  • Psychology
  • Economics
  • Legal Studies
  • Fine Arts
  • Entrepreneurship

Mandatory Humanities Subjects in CBSE Class 11th:

  • History: 

History is the study of past events, practices, cultures, languages, etc. The students learn about different periods, religions and geographical locations, reasons for culture, economy, and the art of the past range. It might come as a boring subject to many students. However, this is different, as students interested in knowing about past rebellions and evolutions, such as the Harappan civilization, the Roman empire, and the industrial revolution, can enjoy the subject. After graduating as a historian, you can work in academic research as a heritage manager, archaeologist, teacher, and public administrator. They can also work in museums or get an opportunity to excavate new sides and learn about the history of cultures and traditions.

  • Geography:

Geography is the study of places and relationships between people and their environment.

 Geography is of two types: physical geography and human geography. Physical geography studies the earth's seasons, climate, atmosphere, soil streams, etc. In contrast, human Geography is the study of the distribution of networks of people and cultures on the earth's surface.

After completing The bachelor's of Geography, students can have a wide range of career opportunities as a cartographer, surveyor, drafter, meteorologist, demographer, etc.

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  • Political Science:

Political science focuses on government theory and practice in politics at local, state, national, and international levels. It helps students understand the Institution's rules and relations that constitute public life and modes of inquiry that lead to more citizenship. Interested students can complete a course in Political Science and then apply for civil services such as IAS after taking the examinations. They can also step into politics and become political scientists and teachers.

  • English:

English is divided into two topics which help students improve their English skills. These two topics are English literature and the English language. English literature studies books and writing from authors past and present where the English language teaches the students about the grammatical aspects of English.

After graduation, the students can pursue careers as teachers, proofreaders, journalists, content writers, and newsprint writers.

Optional Humanities Subjects in CBSE Class 11th:

Psychology is the study of human behaviour. Students in psychology get to explore human behaviour in varied contexts such as individual, social, psychological, industrial, etc. A career in psychology requires you to be an excellent observer and communicator, along with an investigative streak. There are various branches of Psychology that can be chosen as a career field, such as

  • Clinical psychology
  • Counselling psychology
  • Sports psychology
  • Industrial Psychology
  • Forensic psychology
  • Criminology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Linguistic psychology

Recommended Read: Everything about BSc Psychology in India.

  • Economics: 

It studies the processes or methods by which products and services are created, sold, and purchased. Economics is divided into two parts: microeconomics and macroeconomics. Microeconomics analyzes what is viewed as fundamental elements in the economy, including the individual agents and markets, their interactions, the outcomes of their interactions etc. In contrast, macroeconomics analyzes the economy as a system where production consumption, saving, and investment and factors affecting it, such as employment of the resources of labour, capital and land, currency inflation, etc.

Graduating from economics provides job opportunities in various sectors, such as banks, insurance companies, consultancies, government agencies and NGOs.

  • Law:

Law is an official rule of a country or state that says what people may or may not do. This profession concerns a community's customs, practices, and limitations of conduct that are recognized as binding by the community. A law career requires patience, an understanding of ethics, high perception skills, and a firm stand of individuality, among other things. This career opportunity is mainly for humanities students but is also quite popular for students who opt for commerce without maths.

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Finals include painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and poetry, with performing arts including theatre and dance. It requires a person to have a creative mind and an eye that can form wonders. A range of acceptable art courses can be pursued by students like:

Entrepreneurship is developing, organizing, and running a new business to generate profit while taking on financial risk. Entrepreneurship can be of various types, such as small businesses, content creations, startups, etc. Students can also pursue a Master's in Business Administration to understand entrepreneurship in postgraduation clearly.

Additional Optional Subjects Include:

Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information globally. It is also mentioned in the list of the most challenging courses. Because a journalist has to ensure the news broadcast has been checked and is unbiased, with a lot of pressure not only from the public but also from the Government sector to present the news in their favour, especially during the elections.

There is various type of journalism courses which includes:

  • Investigative journalism
  • Online journalism
  • Opinion journalism
  • Sports journalism
  • Photojournalism
  • Entertainment journalism
  • Political journalism

Must Read: Top Recruiters after Bachelor in Journalism and mass communication.

  • Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of ideas and beliefs about the meaning of life. This subject covers every bit of knowledge, making it one of the most challenging courses. There are four branches of philosophy which are:

  • Theoretical philosophy
  • Practical Philosophy
  • Logical Philosophy
  • History of Philosophy
  • Sociology

Sociology covers crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements.

A Sociology student will study subjects like family interaction, religious traditions and organized crime and gain a better understanding of race, gender, and social class issues.

A degree in Sociology opens up various career opportunities in the fields such as police and probation services, local and central government, social and market research, Charitable, counselling and voluntary organizations, media and marketing, Public relations, Journalism and communications, etc.

Recommended Read: Sociology Course and some top colleges providing sociology with their fee structures.

  • Informatics Practices:

Informatics practices or IP is offered as an elective subject at higher secondary stages of education by students interested in computer application development and data science at Higher levels. Informatics is concerned with studying information systems designed for creating, recording, storing, processing, and communicating information. Students learn several computer Languages such as Python, SQL, Java, C++, etc., after graduation; students can work as computer programmers, software developers, web designers, database administrators, multimedia Programmers, software consultants, etc.

  • Human rights and gender studies:

Human rights and gender studies were included to engage today's generation in creating a better world of love, friendship, compassion, beauty, creativity, freedom, and equality. This field teaches various topics such as gender, power, leadership and the workplace, women and gender studies, sexual and gender identities, race and gender, etc. After graduation, students can work in government organizations and analyze common goals regarding gender. Societal issues, or they can also become a part of an NGO and support them as social activists.

  • Fashion Studies: 

Fashion is the study of popular styles and the Global fashion industry. It covers clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body piercing, furniture, etc. It opens various career options, such as:

  • Fashion Designing
  • Textile and apparel designing
  • Accessory Designing
  • Jewellery designing
  • Fashion Technology
  • Luxury brand management
  • Fashion business management
  • Personal styling


  • Physical Education: 

Physical education aims to develop students' physical competence in movement and safety and their ability to use these to perform a wide range of activities associated with creating an active and healthy lifestyle. Physical education teaches different types of physical learning, including sports, yoga, leadership, training, sports psychology, sports fundamentals, etc. After completing graduation, students can find jobs as physical trainers in schools and colleges where they can become physical education teachers.

  • Public Administration: 

Public Administration is a field in which students serve communities to advance the common good and effect positive change. It includes legislative activities, taxation, National defence, public order, etc., after graduation, and students can work in public departments and agencies at all levels of government.

Recommended Reads:

** Commerce subjects for Class 11th.

** A guide to help you select the Optional Subject in Class 11th.

** What are the Courses after 10th from each stream.

Humanities FAQs:

1. Is class 11th Humanities complex?

Ans: Class 11th humanities are easy to study if you are short of interest.

2. Is history a mandatory subject in Class 11 Humanities?

Ans: Yes, history is a compulsory subject in class 11th.

3. How many subjects are there in Humanities Class 11?

Ans: There are four mandatory subjects and one optional subject (sometimes two depending on the school).

We hope that this article has helped you to know about all the subjects in CBSE class 11th. 

However, Brainwonders and its expert counsellors are here to solve your remaining doubts.

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