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What are the Commerce Subject in Class 11th & 12th

07 February,2024  |  By Brainwonders

courses after 10th and 12th

Are you considering taking the commerce stream subjects for your last two years of high school, but uncertain about what CBSE Commerce Subject are offered? Don't worry, you have come to the right place. This article has compiled the range of commerce subject available for selection from the CBSE curriculum. 

But before embarking on this course of study, it is important to consider why one should choose Commerce after 10th. Why not science or humanities? Let us examine this question in more detail so that an informed decision can be made.

What is Commerce?

Commerce involves the exchange of goods and services among individuals and business entities. Academically, it is one of the most popular streams, alongside Science and Arts. The field of Commerce encompasses various aspects of business, trade, accounting, financial transactions, and merchandising. It plays a crucial role in the development of nations and their citizens by facilitating both domestic and international trade.

Why Commerce after 10th?

  • The commerce stream's diversity is one of the significant attractive points for millions of students.
  • The Commerce stream opens the door for many professional courses which pay handsome salaries after the 12th, such as Chartered Accountancy (C.A.), Company Secretary (CS), Cost and Management Accountant (CMA), Chartered Financial Accountancy (CFA), etc.
  • Every subject studied in the commerce stream applies to our day-to-day lives, whether business studies or accountancy.
  • Commerce teaches you on how to deal with economic changes in this dynamic world.
  • Being a commerce student, you have the edge over other students in entrepreneurial skills, which will take you miles ahead if you are planning to have your startup.

Types of Courses after Class 10

  • 11th and 12th Standard
  • Diploma in Engineering courses
  • Other vocational courses
  • ITI courses

Best Course After Class 10

Choosing the right stream after Class 10 is a crucial decision for every student, as it significantly influences their future career path. In India, students predominantly gravitate towards three main streams:

  • Science
  • Commerce
  • Arts

While Science and Arts are often viewed as the most popular choices, it's important to recognize Commerce's significant role in every sector, including those of Science and Arts. In today's digital age, the relevance of Commerce in various technological fields has become more apparent, leading to a growing interest in this stream.

A study by the educational board in 2017 revealed that in Mumbai alone, 2.67 lakh students opted for Commerce over Science and Arts. This trend highlights the increasing recognition of Commerce as a valuable and strategic choice for students. Choosing the Commerce stream can be one of the most beneficial decisions a student makes, offering diverse opportunities and a strong foundation for their future.

What are the subjects in Commerce list

As an educational stream, commerce focuses on studying business and trade activities, including exchanging goods and services from producers to consumers. Key subjects taught in the Commerce stream in Class 12 include Accountancy, Economics, Business Studies, Statistics, Mathematics, and Informatics Practices.

Students have the flexibility to choose from various subject combinations in Class 11 and 12. The Commerce subject covered in these classes are listed below:

Class 11 Commerce Subject Class 12 Commerce Subject
  • Accountancy (Mandatory)
  • Business Studies (Mandatory)
  • Economics (Mandatory)
  • English (Mandatory)
  • Informatics Practices/ Mathematics (Mandatory)
  • Physical Education (Optional)
  • Accountancy (Mandatory)
  • Business Studies (Mandatory)
  • Economics (Mandatory)
  • Informatics Practices/ Mathematics (Mandatory)
  • English (Mandatory)
  • Physical Education (Optional)

Commerce Stream subjects for classes 11 and 12 include:

  • Accountancy (mandatory)
  • Business Studies (mandatory)
  • Economics (mandatory)
  • English (mandatory)
  • Mathematics (optional)
  • Physical Education (optional)

Let us discuss them in detail:

1. Accountancy:

Accountancy is the practice of allocating, recording, and outlining trade transactions in business. These streams give knowledge about the organization's accounting principles, principles, and profitability measures. Accountancy tasks include recording, classification, and reporting of a transaction.

CBSE class 11th syllabus is divided into two parts:

  • Financial Accounting 1: In this, you learn about accounting concepts, accounting terms, and accounting principles, including journal and ledger entries, bank reconciliation statements, preparation of trial balance, and rectification of errors.
  • Financial Accounting 2: In this, you learn about financial statements of sole proprietorship and from incomplete records and computers in accounting.

Every student must submit a project work at the end of the year. The units present in the CBSE Class 11 Accountancy Syllabus are theoretical framework, sole proprietorship, computers in accounting, financial statements, and accounting process.

Career opportunities in accountancy are ample - You can pursue any professional courses, including C.A., C.S., CMA, etc. You can also follow any other organization's bachelor's degree in accountancy.

2. Business Studies:

Business studies involve in-depth study of the economy's specialties such as finance, business, and trade. It covers various topics designed to give students a general overview of multiple elements of running a business. If you are a student who loves business concepts and want to have your own business in the future, this subject will give you a fair glimpse of the business world.

CBSE class 11 business studies tries to teach students about:

  • Nature, purpose, and forms of business.
  • Emerging modes of business
  • Internal trade
  • International Business
  • Principles and Functions of management
  • E-commerce
  • Business and financial marketing

This subject strengthens the foundation of your business concepts regardless of the industry you choose to work in. And if studied adequately, it can also lead to an entrepreneurial position. You can also pursue Master of Business Administration.

3. Economics:

Economics studies the shortage of resources and how people optimize resources. It provides an understanding of the functioning of the national and international economy. It helps people understand how individuals, companies, and governments decide on declared resources to satisfy the requirements.

However, in class 11th, some basic concepts are taught, such as:

  • Introductory Macroeconomics
  • Statistics for economics - how to use statistical tools to study changes in the economy.
  • Students must complete their project works at the end of the year.

In class 12th, you move to the next level and are taught in-depth about various concepts of economics, such as:

  • Introduction to macroeconomics
  • Difference between macroeconomics and microeconomics
  • Indian economic development

A career in economics opens the door to job opportunities in almost every commercial department. You can become a stockbroker, insurer, business manager, pricing analyst, statistician, financial consultant, salesperson, etc.

4. English:

Since the start of school, English has been taught as a subject and is made mandatory by the CBSE curriculum. Being a universally accepted language, it becomes more crucial for you to be fluent in it because as soon as you cross the doors of your school, you will find that every work of yours will be incomplete without English. Moreover, it is a comfortable subject that can enhance your score if appropriately studied.

Class 11 English syllabus includes:

  • Reading comprehension
  • Grammar
  • Listening, speaking, and writing skills

Career opportunities involve jobs in the media department as a reporter, content writer, editor, communication officer, etc.

Are you worried that you might score less, as these subjects are conceptually new for you and you are looking for some guidance or motivation? If - Yes, then you must look at our site, Brainwonders, and maybe even apply for an aptitude test to know more about your strengths and weaknesses, making it easy to focus on improving yourself in weak subjects.

Now let us look at the optional subjects offered.


Apart from the mandatory subjects, the commerce stream also offers some optional issues which can be chosen as your 5th subject and 6th subject (if your school offers one). These subjects include:

  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science
  • Informatics Practices
  • Psychology
  • Physical Education
  • Home Science

Let us look at them one by one.

1. Mathematics:

Mathematics is not a new subject for us, And this subject is crucial for commerce students as all the methods of economics, accounts, and finance depend upon numbers. It is often hated globally, as numerical formulas can be confusing. Nevertheless, it finds its importance in the engineering department, etc.

The mathematics syllabus includes:

  • Algebra
  • Calculus 
  • Linear programming
  • Statistics and probability

Most organizations with a mathematics department offer jobs in inventory management, Marketing, Accounting, Financial Analysis, etc.

Also read about Bachelor of Science Courses 

2. Computer Science:

It comprehensively studies computer applications, programming languages, and computing logic. Technical nerds find this the best subject above every other issue.

CBSE computer science syllabus includes:

  • Basics of Computers
  • Computing Logics
  • Programming Languages
  • Concepts of networking

Top career opportunities include data analyst, hardware engineer, research scientist, support specialist, etc.

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3. Informatics Practices:

Informatics practices are a stream of software-related research, while computer science focuses on computing logic, and informatic practices focus on information processing, computer programs, and device applications. It concentrates more on networking concepts.

CBSE syllabus for informatics practice includes:

  • Integrated device electronics
  • Develop Simple device applications
  • Develop and debug computer programs.

Career opportunities include jobs in software programming, graphic designing, hardware designing, etc.

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4. Psychology:

The scope of psychology is broad and bright. More students are eager to learn about psychology as it encompasses many topics related to human behaviors, which benefits them. Because as a commerce student who is pacing towards having a startup, you need to know the demands of your consumers before developing a marketing strategy.

Psychology contexts, according to CBSE, include:

  • Basic concepts, principles, and methods in psychology
  • Improving analytical and reasoning skills 
  • Overview of developmental stages

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5. Physical Education:

Physical Education was introduced to bring about change and development in the human body through regular exercise. Choosing it as a career is even more exciting, especially when you are a sports lover.

CBSE syllabus for P.E. includes:

  • Knowledge about various sports
  • Yoga
  • Physiology
  • Physical fitness
  • Study about changing trends in Physical Education

One can directly have a career as a physical trainer after opting for Physical Education. Additional job opportunities include physical Education, fitness, aerobics, etc.

6. Home Science:

Home Science includes research on hygiene, biology, nutrition, rural development, social science, textiles, home, management, arts, etc. 

CBSE syllabus includes:

  • Develop an understanding of the self and one's role and responsibilities as a productive individual, family, community, and society member.
  •  Integrate learning across diverse domains and undertake a critical analysis of issues and concerns specific to family and society
  • Acquaint learners with the basic knowledge specific to five domains: Foods and nutrition, Human Development and Family Studies, Fabric and Apparel, Resource Management and Communication, and Extension.

Seek guidance before choosing the combination of optional subjects because they will significantly impact your mark sheets and careers. Visit Brainwonders, a career counseling platform designed especially for teenagers like you, to resolve your career-related queries.

You can pursue the following courses later, if you opt for the commerce stream in class 11:


Choosing the right combination of subjects can be a very challenging task, and through this article, we have tried our best to tackle this problem. Commerce is a stream that provides you with ample career opportunities based on your preference. However, the decision lies solely in your hands whether you want to occupy the position of clerk or want to sit at CEO's work at a company.

You must evaluate carefully before selecting anything.

Nevertheless, deciding on a subject can be an intense job. So, it is better to seek unbiased career guidance from trained experts before making any decision, and we at Brainwonders always believe in helping young people like you make the right choice. So, you can ping us on our WhatsApp or visit our site, and we will schedule your appointment with the best of our counselors.

Commerce FAQs:

Q1. What are the subjects of 11th and 12th Commerce under the CBSE board?

Ans: For both class 11 and 12 Commerce students, five subjects are mandatory: Accountancy, Business Studies, Economics, Mathematics, and English.

Q2. Which is the most important subject of commerce for the 11th class?

Ans: All mandatory subjects are important for commerce class 11th. 

Q3. Is it necessary to select mathematics as a subject in commerce class 11th subjects?

Ans: No, it is not mandatory to select mathematics as a subject in commerce class 11th. Students can choose from Mathematics, informatics, and entrepreneurship.

Q4. What are the subjects in commerce stream with math?

Ans: Accountancy, Business Studies, Mathematics, Economics, English, and an optional subject are the subjects in commerce with math.

Q5. Are class 11 subjects the same as class 12 commerce subject?

Ans: Yes, most of the subjects of class 11 commerce are same as class 12 commerce subject.

Q6. What are the 12th commerce subject?

Ans: The following 12th commerce subject are given below

  • Mathematics
  • Informatics Practices (Computer Science)
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Legal Studies
  • Physical Education

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